The incorporation of the advancements of Science and the Technology to the daily life must contribute directly to the improvement of the life conditions of the population. Lined up to this thought, MERCOSUR Award for Science and Technology 2012 chose as theme the Technological innovations applied to the improvement of services to the people. The subject of this year is Technological innovation in health, understanding as innovation the significant improvement of products or processes in this in case applied to health. Works of “technological Innovation in the health” had been considered those related with prevention, treatment, development of vaccines, diagnostics, sanitary measures and new biomedical and pharmaceutical technologies for relevant diseases considered in the South American region. This book presents the winning works of all the categories of the Prize.