Reykjavik joins the UNESCO’s Creative City Network
Iceland’s capital has only 200,000 inhabitants, but it has an outstanding literary history, marked by an invaluable heritage of medieval literature including the Sagas, the Edda and the Íslendingabók, Libellus Islandorum (Book of Icelanders). This longstanding tradition has cultivated the city’s strength in literature education, preservation, dissemination and promotion.
Reykjavik is especially appreciated for demonstrating the central role literature plays within the modern urban landscape, the contemporary society and the daily life of the citizens. With the support of the central government, the city continues to pursue its development plans in support of languages, translation initiatives as well as international literary exchanges.
The Creative Cities Network was launched by UNESCO in October 2004 and it is designed to promote the social, economic and cultural development of cities in both the developed and developing world. The cities that apply to be part of the network seek to promote their local creative scene. They also serve as advocates for UNESCO’s mission in favour of cultural diversity.
At a time where more than half of the world’s population lives in cities, the concept of Creative Cities is based on the belief that culture can play an important role in urban renewal. Policy makers are increasingly taking account of the role of creativity when planning economic policy. As creative industries contribute to a city’s social fabric, cultural diversity and enhance the quality of life, they also strengthen a sense of community and help define a shared identity.
The Creative Cities Network now has 29 members from all over the world, divided into seven categories: City of Literature, City of Film, City of Music, City of Crafts and Folk Art, City of Design, City of Media Arts and City of Gastronomy.
List of Creative Cities
UNESCO Cities of Literature
In October 2004, Edinburgh, UK, became the first UNESCO City of Literature.
Iowa City, Iowa, U.S.A., was appointed as the third UNESCO City of Literature in November 2008.
Melbourne, Australia, was appointed as the second UNESCO City of Literature in August 2008.
Dublin was nominated UNESCO City of Literature on 20th of July, 2010 becoming the fourth member in the domain of literature.
UNESCO Cities of Film
The city of Bradford, UK was appointed as the first UNESCO City of Film on the 8th of June 2009.
UNESCO Cities of Music
The city of Bologna was appointed a UNESCO City of Music on 29 May 2006.
The city of Ghent, Belgium was appointed UNESCO City of Music on the 8th of June 2009.
Glasgow was named UNESCO City of Music in August 2008.
The city of Seville, Spain was appointed UNESCO's first City of Music on 30 March 2006.
UNESCO Cities of Crafts and Folk Art
The city of Aswan, Egypt was appointed as UNESCO's first City of Crafts and Folk Art on the 1st of September 2005.
The city of Kanazawa, Japan was appointed UNESCO City of Crafts and Folk Art on the 8th of June 2009.
Santa Fe, New Mexico, USA
The city of Santa Fe, New Mexico was appointed UNESCO City of Crafts and Folk Art on 13 July, 2005.
Icheon, Republic of Korea
UNESCO Cities of Design
The city of Berlin was appointed a UNESCO City of Design on 2 November 2005.
Buenos Aires, Argentina
The city of Buenos Aires, Argentina was appointed as the first UNESCO City of Design on 24 August 2005.
Kobe was named UNESCO city of Design in October 2008.
Montreal was appointed a UNESCO City of Design on 12 May 2006.
The city of Nagoya, Japan, was appointed as a UNESCO City of Design in October 2008.
The city of Shenzhen was appointed as a UNESCO City of Design in November 2008.
Shanghai was nominated the UNESCO City of Design on 10 February 2010.
Seoul,Republic of Korea
UNESCO City of Media Arts
The city of Lyon, France was appointed as the first UNESCO City of Media arts in June 2008.
UNESCO City of Gastronomy
The city of Popayan, Colombia has been appointed the first UNESCO City of Gastronomy, and the official appointment ceremony took place in Popayan on 11 August 2005
On 10th February 2010, Chengdu joined the Creative Cities Network becoming the City of Gastronomy.
Östersund was designated the title of UNESCO City of Gastronomy on 20th July 2010.
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