UIS Study Shows Record number of Films Produced in 2013
According to a new UNESCO Institute for Statistics (UIS) paper entitled “Diversity and the Film Industry”, the number of feature films released around the world hit a record high of 7,610 in 2013, with India accounting for more than one-fifth of total production. The findings demonstrate the growing impact of cinema as a cultural and creative industry; it drives employment and economic development, and is also a platform for cultural diversity and expression supporting social cohesion. This aligns with the UNESCO Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions (2005), discussed in the paper.
Interestingly, the numbers shine a light on the film industry in developing countries such as India and China. Bollywood films rose by almost 8% between 2012 and 2013, reaching a total of 1,724 feature films, mostly using digital technology. After India, the United States was the second top producer, with a total of 738 feature films, followed by China (638 films), Japan (591 films) and France (270 films). Nigeria is not included in the analysis as most "Nollywood" feature films are produced in video format.
Language is an important element for film distribution and diversity. India is the global leader in terms of linguistic diversity in feature films. While most countries produce films in one or two languages, Bollywood films were produced in 35 languages. With the exception of the United States, with 1,476 films produced in English during 2012 and 2013, the large majority of other countries with monolingual production reported producing less than 60 feature films annually; for Spanish language films in 2012 this included Costa Rica, Colombia, Chile, Honduras and Peru. International dissemination of multilingual films can often be hindered by dubbing policies adopted both for the big screen and television.
According to UIS data, box office receipts grew by almost 5% between 2012 and 2013, reaching a total of US$26.9 billion for the top ten film markets: the United States/Canada, China, Japan, the United Kingdom, France, India, the Republic of Korea, the Russian Federation, Germany and Australia. The greatest growth has been in China, where revenues exceeded US$3.6 billion in 2013, compared to US$244 million in 2005.
- Read the UIS paper
- See UIS page
- UNESCO report: Reshaping Global Policies: A decade promoting the diversity of cultural expressions for development
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