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04.10.2013 - UNESCOPRESS

UNESCO calls for strengthened sexuality education and sexual and reproductive health services for young people in Eastern and Southern Africa

A UNESCO report and United Nations-led campaign were launched today urging ministers from Eastern and Southern Africa to respond to continuing high levels of HIV infection, unintended pregnancy and low HIV prevention knowledge impacting on the region’s 158m adolescents and young people.

The 21-country report, “Young People Today. Time for Action Now,” by UNESCO, UNAIDS, UNFPA, UNICEF, WHO and other bi-lateral partners demonstrates that adolescents and young people – especially young women - face a wide range of challenges that compromise their life chances.


Currently, every hour, an estimated 50 young people, again mostly women, become infected with HIV. This makes Eastern and Southern Africa the world’s most  affected region, with 430,000 new infections annually among young people aged 15-24 and an estimated 2.6 million other young people living with HIV in the region.


Other key findings in the report include: less than 40% of young people know basic information about HIV; key health services are often withheld from adolescents and young people due to their age, marital and legal status; and teenage pregnancy rates remain high with 20% of young women having given birth by the age of 17 in a number of countries. Early pregnancy contributes to high drop-out rates from education and poses a serious threat to the health of adolescent girls including high rates of maternal death. Sexual or gender-based violence is a reality for up to 35% of young women.


Getting education and health ministers to commit to good quality comprehensive sexuality education and access to sexual and reproductive health services is one of the most effective solutions to address the  issues affecting young people, whose numbers are expected to increase to 281m by 2050.


As Professor Sheila Tlou, Director of UNAIDS Regional Support, states: “It is time for urgent action by our governments, young people and civil society to re-affirm the rights of young people to a better future. We have a duty to make good quality HIV and sexuality education and sexual and reproductive health services a reality for all.”


Taking the report’s 10 key recommendations further, UNESCO and partners have today launched a region-wide campaign to highlight the rights and education/health needs of adolescents and young people. Working with the Southern African Development Community (SADC) and the East African Community (EAC), the campaign aims to get the region’s Ministers of Health and Education to pledge firm support to a “Commitment” of bold action and leadership in support of their youth populations. This commitment-building process will culminate in a high level meeting on 7 December 2013, bringing together the 42 ministers at the International Conference on AIDS and STIs in Africa (ICASA) in Cape Town, South Africa.


More information about the campaign and a link to the report can be found at www.youngpeopletoday.net


Notes to the media:

The 21 countries in Eastern and Southern Africa reviewed in the report: Angola, Botswana, Burundi, DRC, Ethiopia, Kenya, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Rwanda, Seychelles, South Africa, South Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia and Zimbabwe.


About UNESCO: The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) and promotes international co-operation among its 195 Member States and eight Associate Members to contribute to the building of a culture of peace, the eradication of poverty, sustainable development and intercultural dialogue through education, the sciences, culture, communication and information. UNESCO’s approach to HIV/AIDS work is organized through UNAIDS to move towards universal access to prevention, treatment, care and support.  UNESCO is the lead agency on sexuality education, developing tools and guidance which are used by ministries and civil society in the development of sexuality education curricula, policies and implementation support. Technical support is provided at country and regional level to ministries of education and civil society organizations in their efforts to strengthen HIV responses through education.


Media enquiries: contact

UNESCO | Sue Williams | s.williams(at)unesco.org


ESA Commitment Partners | Patricia Machawira | +27 11 517 1605 | p.machawira(at)unesco.org


UNESCO Johannesburg | Michelle Thulkanam | +27 82 908 1414 | m.thulkanam(at)unesco.org


General Media inquiries | Mathew Birch | m.birch(at)unesco.org



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