15.11.2017 - UNESCO Office in Jakarta

Getting Tsunami Evacuation Ready for Community

Training-of-Trainers course

13-23 November 2017, Pusdiklat BMKG, Citeko, Cisarua – Indonesia


The Indian Ocean Tsunami Information Center and BMKG conducted a Training-of-Trainers course on Tsunami Evacuation Maps, Plans, and Procedures (ToT TEMPP). The course is a contribution to the World Tsunami Awareness Day commemorated on 5 November. The training of trainer is to support several Indian Ocean Countries on developing tsunami evacuation plan for the community at risk.

The objectives of this training are:

  1. To build the capacity of the Indian Ocean Member states on Tsunami Evacuation Maps, Plans, and Procedures
  2. To strengthen the capacity of IOTIC and BMKG in their services in training and development
  3. To enhance the portfolio of training materials, modules and delivery method on Tsunami Evacuation Maps, Plans, and Procedures

The training programme is adapted after a TEMPP course developed by IOC-UNESCO International Tsunami Information Center (ITIC, Hawaii) and piloted in Honduras and Central America from 2015-2017. The training course provides information on how to produce reliable and practical, science-based, community-driven tsunami evacuation maps. The course is globally applicable, and employs standardized tools, methodologies, and best practices.

22 participants from 6 Indian Ocean countries, mainly India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Maldives, Oman, and Seychelles, will be participate in this 12 days training. The trainers for this course include several national and international experts from: NOAA-USA, IOC-UNESCO ITIC and IOTIC, ICG/IOTWMS Secretariat, BMKG, ITB, BNPB, and BPPT.

After the training it is expected there will be a pool of trainers in the Indian Ocean that can support countries on piloting the Indian Ocean Tsunami Ready Programme through:

  • Tsunami Inundation Modelling
  • Inundation Mapping for Evacuation
  • Tsunami Evacuation Place
  • Evacuation Mapping, Route, and Signage
  • Public Tsunami Evacuation Information
  • Response Plans and SOPs
  • Tsunami Exercise

This ToT TEMPP has strong connection with the Indian Ocean Tsunami Ready programme (also known as IOTR) and the Indian Ocean Wave Exercise that will be held in September 2018, known as IOWave18. The TEMPP will among other things (i) support the Indian Ocean Member States committed to pilot the IOTR in- country, (ii) provide a check of the 11 Indian Ocean Tsunami Ready Indicators, (iii) support the community on tsunami prone coasts in establishing tsunami evacuation maps, plans and procedures that can be tested during the IOWave18.

IOC-UNESCO is thankful to the Government of Indonesia for hosting this important course. For more information on Tsunami Ready please contact the Indian Ocean Tsunami Information Centre Mr. Ardito M. Kodijat (iotic(at)unesco.org)

Background Notes:

Following the 26 December 2004 tsunami, which killed over 230,000 people, displaced more than 1 million people and left a trail of destruction around the coasts of the Indian Ocean, the coastal nations of the Indian Ocean decided to design and implement an early warning system for the region and requested the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) of UNESCO to form an Intergovernmental Coordination Group (ICG) for the Indian Ocean Tsunami Warning and Mitigation System (IOTWMS). This was formally established by Resolution XXIII-12 at the IOC Assembly in Paris, in June 2005 and a secretariat was established to provide administrative support and to coordinate the activities of the ICG/IOTWMS. The secretariat of the ICG/IOTWMS is hosted and supported by the Government of Australia at its Bureau of Meteorology in Perth. IOC-UNESCO has also established the Indian Ocean Tsunami Information Centre (IOTIC) in Jakarta supported by Government of Indonesia through the Agency for Meteorology, Climatology and Geophysics (BMKG).

An assessment of the status of IOTWMS undertaken during the international conference to commemorate the 10th anniversary of the Indian Ocean Tsunami (October 2014, Jakarta) revealed that the Indian Ocean is much safer against the threat of tsunamis than it was in 2004. However, due to the nature of the hazard, it is important for coastal communities to always be prepared and ready to respond. The conference also identified that the focus of IOTWMS for the next 10 years should be on sustaining the system now in place, enhancing down-stream ‘last-mile’ preparedness and also understanding tsunami hazard from the Makran subduction zone. Accordingly, the ICG/IOTWMS, at its 11th session (Kuala Lumpur, April 2017) decided to continue to place greater emphasis on community awareness and preparedness to help ensure more appropriate response to tsunami warning information.

At this 11th session of the ICG/IOTWMS the meeting also endorsed the IOTIC–BMKG Programme 2017-2019 including:

  • The Annual Indian Ocean Regional Workshop (IORW)
  • The Annual Indian Ocean Capacity Building (IOCAP)
  • The Indian Ocean Tsunami preparedness studies and research (IO SEARCH) and
  • The Indian Ocean Tsunami Education and Awareness Materials (IO TEAM).

The 1st Integrated Intersessional meeting of the ICG/IOTWMS, the Steering Group agreed for IOTIC-BMKG to organize the first Training of Trainer on Tsunami Evacuation Maps, Plans and Procedures for the Indian Ocean Tsunami Warning and Mitigation System Member States on 13-23 November 2017 at BMKG Training Centre in Citeko, Cisarua.

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