19.06.2018 - UNESCO Office in Nairobi

Launch of the Global Education Monitoring Report in Rwanda during the Forward Looking Joint Review of the Education Sector 2018/2019

Secondary students in Kigali learn using ICTs in education, Copyright UNESCO 2018.

14 June 2018, Kigali, Rwanda – The 2017/2018 Global Education Monitoring (GEM) Report, by UNESCO, was launched in Rwanda at the Forward Looking Joint Review of the Education Sector 2018/2019 meeting organized by the Ministry of Education (MINEDUC). Bringing together more than 200 stakeholders from MINEDUC, the Ministry of Local Government (MINALOC), and development partners, the event highlighted the issue of accountability in education and its role in achieving Education 2030 and in particular SDG4.

In 2017/2018, the second report in the Global Education Monitoring (GEM) Report series continues its assessment of progress towards the Sustainable Development Goal on education (SDG4) and its ten targets, as well as other related education targets in the SDG agenda.

In particular it investigates accountability in education, analyzing how all relevant stakeholders can provide education more effectively, efficiently and equitably. The report examines different accountability mechanisms that are used to hold governments, schools, teachers, parents, the international community, and the private sector accountable for inclusive, equitable and quality education.

Education is a shared responsibility between us all– governments, schools, teachers, parents and private actors,” said former UNESCO Director-General Irina Bokova. “Accountability for these responsibilities defines the way teachers teach, students learn, and governments act. It must be designed with care and with the principles of equity, inclusion and quality in mind.”

The Forward Looking Joint Review of the Education Sector (JRES) is an annual meeting in June for the Ministry of Education, Local Representatives including District Directors of Education (DDEs), and various Development Partners to assemble to review and take stock of priorities in relation to planning for the next fiscal year. It allows for a consultation of education sector key priorities and budget allocation. It also discusses and elaborates on education sector targets and related policy actions As it brings together all relevant stakeholders in the sector, MINEDUC requested UNESCO to disseminate and discuss the report in this forum.

Speaking about the report and the role of accountability in education, Mr Peter Wallet, Programme Coordinator for the UNESCO Regional Office in Eastern Africa’s Antenna in Rwanda, echoed the report’s finding that “blaming teachers for poor test scores and absenteeism is often both unjust and unconstructive. Evidence from the report shows that in some contexts, few of the days missed by teachers were due to teachers avoiding responsibility; rather absenteeism was related to time permitted for study training and study, for which substitute teachers were not provided”. Mr Wallet concluded by asking participants to review the report carefully and think daily about how accountability can be enhanced in their own daily efforts and work.

By analysing which policies make accountability work or fail, and which external factors impact on their success, the 2017/8 GEM Report concludes with concrete recommendations that will help build stronger education systems including:

  1. Design accountability for schools and teachers that is supportive and avoid punitive mechanisms, especially those based on narrow performance measures;

  2. Allow for democratic participation, respect media freedom to scrutinize education and set up independent institutions to handle complaints;

  3. Develop credible and efficient regulations with associated sanctions for all education providers, public and private, that ensure non-discrimination and the quality of education; and

  4. Make the right to education justiciable, which is not the case in 45% of countries.


    To read the full 2017/2018 GEM Report, click here





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