03.03.2016 - UNESCO Office in Jakarta

UNESCO Supports Building National Capacity for the Monitoring of the Implementation of the UNESCO 2005 Convention on the Diversity of Cultural Expressions

As a Party to the 2005 Convention, Indonesia has a statutory obligation to submit a periodic report to UNESCO every four years, the first one due for 2016. The UNESCO Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions (2005) is an international standard setting instrument providing a framework for the governance of culture that is based on fundamental principles of freedom of expression, gender equality, openness and balance to other cultures and expressions of the world and on the complementary economic and cultural aspects of sustainable development as defined in the Convention. As the most recent UNESCO Convention in the field of culture, and ratified by 142 Parties to date, it encourages governments to introduce policies for culture within a global context and commitment to protect and promote the diversity of cultural expressions.

The “National Workshop on the Periodic Reporting of the UNESCO 2005 Convention” that the Ministry of Education and Culture of the Republic of Indonesia and UNESCO Jakarta organized from 1 to 3 March 2016, in Jakarta, Indonesia tried to capture what Indonesia had done for its culture sector since the accession of the Convention by Indonesia in 2012.

This workshop was part of a series of capacity-building activities UNESCO implemented in Indonesia. Funded by the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (SIDA), the project ‘Enhancing Fundamental Freedoms through the Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions’ aimed to strengthen institutional and professional capacities of governmental and civil society actors to monitor and report on the diversity of cultural expressions. A first activity of a “National Multi-Stakeholder Consultative Meeting” was held in Jakarta on 8 December 2015 bringing together representatives of both governmental and civil society organizations and provided them with a platform for dialogue on cultural policies. A baseline data and information were collected during the interim period.

In his opening speech, H.E. Mr Anies Baswedan, Minister of Education and Culture, stated that utilizing culture as a driver in sustainable development and creative industries was hoped to retain the cultural values and respect the local community. “This is a momentum for all stakeholders to synergize the policies and activities on cultural development to benefit the society to which the culture belongs, without disregarding the values embedded within the said culture.”

H.E. Mr. Triawan Munaf, Head of Indonesian Creative Economy Agency, emphasized that the creative economy was one of the most rapidly growing sectors of the world economy and a highly transformative one in terms of income generation, job creation and export earnings. He continued by saying, “the Indonesian Creative Economy Agency works towards sustainable development by strengthening the creative industries, providing support for creative works, providing financial assistance for creative economy through establishment of a national fund, facilitating wider access to the global market and international distribution networks for creative economy activities, goods and services; creating and strengthening creative production and distribution capacities; and promoting Intellectual Property Rights (IPR).”

Director and Representative of UNESCO Office in Jakarta, Mr. Shahbaz Khan, highlighted that according to national sources, 10 percent of Indonesia’s GDP came, directly or indirectly, from the creative industries. “This is significant, and what has been done to have this wonder should be reported so that the rest of the world can learn from Indonesia. The periodic reporting provides Indonesia an opportunity to set a baseline; build or strengthen the country’s information system to track progress and identify challenges; lay a ground for the policy dialogue about culture through consulting various stakeholders of the culture sector; and define priority actions for the next four years.”

In the three-day workshop, the Indonesian national team would learn more in depth the guiding principles and mechanisms of the Convention, its reporting framework, as well as the monitoring framework developed for the Convention during the three-day workshop. A first Global Report on the implementation of the Convention, published in December 2015, would also be presented as a tool to learn good policy practices and current trends on issues covered by the Convention. It is expected that the periodic reporting would provide Indonesia an opportunity to consult various stakeholders of the culture sector, identify their needs and challenges, define baseline data to be able to measure progress in the future and have a policy dialogue.

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