Regional Thematic Museum Training “Place and Role of Museum-Reserves in the System of Preservation and Use of Cultural Heritage”
The Regional UNESCO/ICOM Thematic Training for museum professionals from CIS countries “Place and Role of Museum-Reserves in the System of Preservation and Use of Cultural Heritage”, was successfully conducted from 9 to 12 November, 2012, in Chișinău, Republic of Moldova in the framework of the joint long-term project of the UNESCO and Intergovernmental Foundation for Educational, Scientific and Cultural Cooperation (IFESCCO) – “Running a Museum – XXI Century: UNESCO/ICOM Thematic Regional Trainings and expert meetings of CIS countries on the development of potential in museum management” (2011-2014).
The regional capacity-building museum trainings for CIS countries are based on the UNESCO/ICOM Museum Studies Training Package “Running a Museum – 21st Century” and on the Presentational & Educational Resource Kit of the UNESCO/IFESCCO Project for CIS Countries on Museum Management published in 2010.
The training in Chișinău was organized by the National Museum of Ethnography and Natural History of the Republic of Moldova, with the support of the UNESCO Moscow Office, UNESCO Office in Almaty and Tashkent, and in partnership with the Ministry of Culture of Moldova, the National Commission of the Republic of Moldova for UNESCO and the ICOM National Committee of the Republic of Moldova.
The Programme of the Training included a wide range of questions in the framework of the following thematic sessions:
- Diversity of the museum-reserves and their role in the museum network of CIS countries
- The role of museum-reserves in the process of implementation of UNESCO Conventions on cultural heritage
- Development of museum-reserves: law provisions and implementation of domestic law, management principles for local museums and protection of heritage, cooperation with local communities
- Museum-reserves in the context of economic, cultural and touristic development of the region
- Natural Heritage – a context for organizing and functioning of museum-reserves from CIS countries
Taking into consideration the complexity of museum-reserves and their role in the development of cultural and ecological tourism, during the Thematic Regional Training the following issues were discussed: improvement of cooperation forms between museum-reserves in CIS countries, effective use of museum-reserves and the role of museum-reserves as factors of regional economic development.
In the context of an increased interest to issues of import and export of cultural goods, to the problems of safeguarding of intangible cultural heritage the participants at the Training accorded a special attention to the issues of improvement of the national legislation infield of protection of diversity of natural and cultural heritage and to implementation of adopted international conventions, including the Convention of 1970 on the Means of Prohibiting and Preventing the Illicit Import, Export and Transfer of Ownership of Cultural Property.
About 30 museum professionals from Azerbaijan, Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Republic of Moldova, Russian Federation, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan and Ukraine, participated in the training. International and national experts such as: Vedenin Yury, Director of the Russian Research Institute for Cultural and Natural Heritage named after Dmitry Likhachev, Ursu Mihail, General Director of the National Museum of Ethnography and Natural History, Reniţă Alecu, Ecologist, Director of the Magazine „Natura” (“Nature”) were involved in the event as trainers. It is important to note that for the first time, the participants from museums of Transdniestria took part in the training.
The Training Program included lessons, discussions, dialogues and interactive exercises of expert-trainers regarding the role and place of museum-reserves in the system of preservation and use of cultural and natural heritage of CIS countries. The visits to several museums of the Republic of Moldova, exit thematic sessions at the cultural and natural museum-reserve "Orheiul Vechi" and the Natural Reserve "Kodriy”, some folklore performances, master-classes of traditional popular craftsmen, as well as speeches and presentations of national experts from the CIS countries undertaken within the Regional Thematic Training contributed to a general presentation of achievements and main problems of museum-reserves, to an exchange of experience and gave to all participants the possibility to know some best international practices.
The Regional Thematic Museum Training “Place and Role of Museum-Reserves in the System of Preservation and Use of Cultural Heritage” played an important role in achieving general goals of the UNESCO/IFESCCO project, including strengthening of the role of museums as social, educational and economic actors, raining of capacity of museum professionals in the CIS countries in museum management, highlighting of educational role of museums to attract new public through support of educational and informational centers in museums, enhancing of social, economic and educational roles of museums as vectors for sustainable development and intercultural dialogue.