rts are a New Focus of UNESCO Coastal Practices and Sustainable Human Development Network Cooperation
With the joint stock company "LENMORNIIPROECT" (Russia) and the UNESCO Moscow Office, the Russian State Hydrometeorological University (Saint-Petersburg) organised and held on the 26-29 of May, 2004 the International Workshop "Ports and sustainable coastal development" as a part of the UNESCO UNITWIN Network on “Wise coastal practices for sustainable human development” facility. There were representatives of collaborating Universities and specialists, studying practical project usage and exploitation of port construction, specialists of the environmental protection, also the representatives of the Russian local and regional administrative bodies, who took part in the Workshop. Besides Workshop presentations the program of the UNITWIN meeting included disputes, the round table discussions of different problems, appearing because of wide range of port activities and also visits to the new oil terminal Primorsk, being a part of an actively developing system of port structures in the Eastern Gulf of Finland.
The UNITWIN Network has been created in 2002 as a part of the UNESCO UNITWIN program to elaborate co-operation for sustainable development of European coastal zones. The UNITWIN WiCoP Network includes:
• University of Cadiz (Cadiz, Spain)
• University of Aveiro (Aveiro, Portugal)
• University of Bologna (Bolon, Italy)
• University of Latvia (Riga, Latvia)
• Russian State Hydrometeorological University (Saint-Petersburg, Russia)
One of strategic ways of educational activity and research of those Universities is interdisciplinary approach, which is known as Integrated Coastal Management. That's why special attention to the problem of port construction and developing of marine transport, which are an important stimulus of social economic change of the coastal areas, is not occasional for those Universities. Organisation and implementation on the UNESCO interdisciplinary platform of the International Workshop "Ports and sustainable coastal development" enabled the discussion of a wide range of the problems of sustainable coastal zone development. Open discussion of topical problems related to the development of port facility helped to exchange experience in exploitation of marine transport resources, safety of port transport operation (including oil transportation), environment impact assessment, problems related to dredging activities, dredged material disposal and beneficial use, remote monitoring of oil pollution, assessment of socio-economic impact as well as in other problems of the sustainable coastal development.
During disputes, a necessity of development (especially for the Russian Federation) and improvement of the coastal legislation was figured out. The Workshop participants noticed the necessity of elaboration of concrete tools and criteria for the dredging materials quality assessment (including such methods as biotesting) to define possible ways of the its utilisation. The integrated approach of the bottom deepening must be based on taking into account such integrated factors as economic aspects, technical tools, ecological consequences and the ways of the dredging material recycling.
The field trip, that was arranged to visit a new oil terminal in Primorsk, provided a ground for acquaintance with advanced Russian experience of oil terminal operation and for acknowledgement of the undertaken measures to improve sustainability of their exploitation. This experience was highly valued by the foreign specialists.
During the round-table discussions, related to the ICM education, it was considered necessary to work out a common academic course on ICM that could be mutually adopted by the all Universities - partners of the WiCoP –Europe UNITWIN Network. It was also noted that different operational institutions have to be involved in the preparation of case studies related with port facility, in particular. An important moment is to submit the worked out teaching materials as interactive course of distance learning, available not only for the students of the Universities but also and for the specialists, working in different fields of marine and coastal resources usage. The nongovernmental organisation "European Coastal Union” (EUCC), having experience in preparation of the “CoastLearn” distance modules, is ready to participate in this educational program.
The special TV program dedicated to the Workshop was prepared by the regional television and was showed on the 5th Petersburg TV Channel. The Workshop participants expressed their gratitude to the administration of the Russian oil company "TRANSNEFT” and to the authority of specialised oil port "Primorsk" for the possibility of detailed acknowledge with the port functioning.
General sight of the modern oil terminal in the city of Primorsk (photo from the presentation of S.Semenov (Lenmorniiprojekt)
Seminar participants in the port of Primorsk