The Natural Sciences Programme aims to create sustainable solutions for today’s economic, social and environmental challenges through mobilizing scientific knowledge, providing policy recommendations and investing in Science, Technology and Innovation (STI). Science and technology empower societies and citizens and therefore contribute to an environment of peace and understanding.
The UNESCO Regional Office for Eastern Africa acts as a hub for regional science programmes in Africa, hosting major international programmes in the freshwater, marine, ecological, earth and basic sciences. UNESCO promotes the integration of STI into the broader framework of national development policies; contributes to socio-economic development that is sustainable by strengthening STI governance; identifies emerging trends that will shape the future of STI; fosters institution-building and the elaboration of strategies, policies and projects; and broadens interaction among scientific, citizen and indigenous knowledge systems to achieve sustainable development. Emphasis are particularly given to Africa to ensure gender equality in science. Cross-cutting themes include natural disaster reduction, biodiversity, engineering, science education, climate change and sustainable development in small island developing states (SIDS).
UNESCO’s focus in Natural Sciences include: