Water Science


Water is fundamental for life and ensuring water security for communities worldwide is essential to peace and sustainable development. The scientific understanding of the water cycle, including the distribution and characteristics of surface and groundwater, all contribute to the wise management of freshwater for a healthy environment responding to human needs.

The UNESCO Regional Office for Eastern Africa serves as a water science hub for Sub-Sahara Africa, under the UNESCO-International Hydrological Programme (UNESCO-IHP), the only intergovernmental programme of the UN devoted to water research, water resources management, education and capacity building.  UNESCO focuses on addressing water security challenges at local, regional and global levels including the strengthening of droughts and floods monitoring and forecasting; and improving groundwater mapping capabilities and its management and governance such as on trans-boundary aquifer systems. Improved knowledge of our surface and groundwater will help to address water scarcity and quality to safeguard human settlements. In doing so, UNESCO also focuses on strengthening human and institutional capacity on water management and security and cooperation. By raising awareness on water issue and strengthening water cooperation, UNESCO leads the enhancement of exchanges, communication, cooperation and support to IHP scientific networks in Africa. 

UNESCO’s focus in Water Science include:



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