Water Security

The World Water Development Report (WWDR) 2015 provided a detailed analysis of the complex inter-linkages between water and energy in the context of sustainable development. Each form of energy production determines the amount of water required to produce that energy. At the same time, the availability and allocation of freshwater resources determine how much water can be secured for energy. The WWDR is a comprehensive review that gives an overall picture of the world’s freshwater resources. It is published by the United Nations World Water Assessment Programme (WWAP) hosted by UNESCO and brings together the work of 31 UN-Water members as well as partners in the WWDR series.

As stated in the report, groundwater globally is overexploited and not managed sustainably. This global shortage stands in sharp contrast with the unknown full potential of groundwater in Kenya. Therefore, groundwater survey results have led to the establishment of the Kenya Groundwater Mapping Programme (KGMP), a programme to improve access to water in both emergency situations and long-term needs as a response to the changing climate. The programme was preceded by the Groundwater Resources Investigation for Drought Mitigation in Africa Programme (GRIDMAP) to combat water scarcity in the drought prone region in East Africa following the 2011 drought in the Horn of Africa. Through mapping and intervention in groundwater, the KGMP aims to unlock the potential of groundwater in Kenya to combat water scarcity for resilience and sustainable livelihood.

Back to top