13.11.2019 -

Monitoring and harmonization of cross-border cooperation in Central America and the Caribbean

Cross-border cooperation is essential for Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM). Within the framework of the 2030 Agenda, the indicator of Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 6.5.2, under the co-custody of UNESCO-IHP and UNECE, defines the proportion of the surface of transboundary basins subject to operational arrangements for cooperation in matters of waters In order to generate exchanges on the exercise of construction of the indicator by the countries involved, within the framework of the Capacity Building Program of the UNESCO International Hydrological Program and the Conference of Ibero-American Water Directors (CODIA), organized the Workshop “Support for compliance with the 2030 Agenda - Monitoring the implementation of indicator 6.5.2 of the Sustainable Development Goals in Central America and the Caribbean” in La Antigua, Guatemala 5-7 November 2019 with the support of the Spanish Agency for International Development Cooperation (AECID).

The follow-up of indicator 6.5.2 and its implementation provide the opportunity to obtain a global overview of the operational agreements on transboundary water basins and aquifers established between the countries involved. The monitoring process helps to keep the issue of cross-border cooperation active at the national, regional and global levels.

The meeting was a positive opportunity to convene experts and specialized technicians from Central America and the Caribbean including Guyana and Belize, linked to national institutions responsible for monitoring indicator 6.5.2 in order to provide and exchange technical knowledge and clarify methodological questions about the process of monitoring the indicator.

As co-custodians of indicator 6.5.2, UNESCO and UNECE promote sub-regional accompaniment meetings to countries such as the one addressed to the countries of South America that took place in Montevideo, Uruguay, November 22-23, 2018. These meetings are aimed at improving the monitoring of the 2030 Agenda, in view of the monitoring cycle of indicator 6.5.2, which takes place every three years.

Specifically, this workshop allowed to identify gaps and doubts in terms of data, and facilitate possible alternatives and actions in terms of data harmonization. In addition to discussing the measurement methodology of the indicator itself, the workshop was an opportunity to encourage interaction between countries, share experiences and visualize cross-border cooperation in the region among the 23 representatives of 12 countries present. In addition, the workshop was attended by UNECE, CeReGAS and GWP Central America.

As a result, countries committed themselves to advancing the development of roadmaps at the sub-regional and national levels; based on the current situation of each country in relation to the availability and quality of data referring to transboundary waters.




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