Global Earth Observation

Purpose and benefits of the Global Earth Observation System of Systems (GEOSS)

GEOSS is constructed on the basis of a 10-Year Implementation Plan for the period 2005 to 2015. The Plan defines a vision statement for GEOSS its scope and expected benefits, and the nine “Societal Benefit Areas”:

  • Disasters: Reducing loss of life and property from natural and human-induced disasters,
  • Health: Understanding environmental factors affecting human health and well-being,
  • Energy: Improving the management of energy resources,
  • Climate: Understanding, assessing, predicting, mitigating, and adapting to climate variability and change,
  • Water: Improving water resource management through better understanding of the water cycle,
  • Weather: Improving weather information, forecasting and warning,
  • Ecosystems: Improving the management and protection of terrestrial, coastal and marine ecosystems,
  • Agriculture: Supporting sustainable agriculture and combating desertification,
  • Biodiversity: Understanding, monitoring and conserving biodiversity.

GEOSS coordinates a multitude of complex and interrelated issues simultaneously. This cross-cutting approach avoids unnecessary duplication, encourages synergies between systems and ensures substantial economic, societal and environmental benefits.


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