Global Earth Observation
Purpose and benefits of the Global Earth Observation System of Systems (GEOSS)
GEOSS is constructed on the basis of a 10-Year Implementation Plan for the period 2005 to 2015. The Plan defines a vision statement for GEOSS its scope and expected benefits, and the nine “Societal Benefit Areas”:
- Disasters: Reducing loss of life and property from natural and human-induced disasters,
- Health: Understanding environmental factors affecting human health and well-being,
- Energy: Improving the management of energy resources,
- Climate: Understanding, assessing, predicting, mitigating, and adapting to climate variability and change,
- Water: Improving water resource management through better understanding of the water cycle,
- Weather: Improving weather information, forecasting and warning,
- Ecosystems: Improving the management and protection of terrestrial, coastal and marine ecosystems,
- Agriculture: Supporting sustainable agriculture and combating desertification,
- Biodiversity: Understanding, monitoring and conserving biodiversity.
GEOSS coordinates a multitude of complex and interrelated issues simultaneously. This cross-cutting approach avoids unnecessary duplication, encourages synergies between systems and ensures substantial economic, societal and environmental benefits.