PAPUK GEOPARK (Croatia)
Papuk Geopark is located in Slavonia, in eastern Croatia. The Geopark was designated as a member of the European Geoparks Network and the Global Geoparks Network in 2007.
Conservation, Education & Tourism
Papuk Geopark protects the natural and cultural heritage as well as geological heritage for generations to come. Mount Papuk has a “stormy” geological history going as far back as the Precambrian with metamorphic rocks that date back as far as the Precambrian, more than 540 million years ago. More recent geological features result from mountain building with Mesozoic sediments 260 and 65 million years old, including carbonate rocks, mostly dolomites, as well as the Cretaceous volcanic sedimentary complex of Rupnica which was protected as Croatia’s first natural geological monument in 1948. The Rupnica geosite is famous due to a characteristic exposure of the columnar jointing developed in the albite rhyolite volcanic rock. The columnar jointing develops due to the regular fracture system that result from the cooling and crystallization of volcanic mass. Analysis performed on the Rupnica geosite shows mostly four- and five-sided columns.
The Geopark offers educational programs for visitors and exhibits remnants such as metal tools, pottery, weapons from prehistoric and medieval times, thus giving a combination of natural and cultural features. The Geopark is a favourite destination for climbing, bike riding, hiking, winter skiing and swimming in warm thermal water. Geopark strives to ensure that the twin objectives of nature conservation and sustainable development are well balanced and that tourism activities contribute to the sustainable development of this protected area as well as local community.
The Global Geoparks Network is supported by UNESCO at the request of Member States