GEA NORVEGICA GEOPARK (Norway)
Gea Norvegica Geopark is the first in Scandinavia. It is located in southeastern Norway, in the counties of Vestfold and Telemark.
Conservation, Education & Tourism
The eastern part of Gea Norvegica Geopark is situated on the margin of the Carboniferous-Permian (350-250 Million years ago) Oslo Rift, with larvikite, the national rock of Norway, as the dominant rock that derived from the slow cooling of a magma allowing thumbnail-sized crystals of feldspar to develop. To the west one can find remnants of the old continent, the Precambrian bedrocks. In the center of the geopark one can find lower Paleozoic fossil-rich sediments, once the sea bottom in a shallow, tropical sea, teeming with life. The Fen Carbonatite Complex in the north is the world's type locality for magmatic limestones. The landscape is sculptured through the Quaternary glaciations. The story told in this geopark is a 1.5 billion year-long journey, from old mountain chains, the tropical sea, strange volcanoes, rifting of a continent and a glaciated surface -and how we all depend on this geological diversity and natural resources.
The flora in this part of Norway is rich and diverse, due to the geology -including limestones, fertile basaltic rocks and marine clays, and sand from the last Ice Age. The soils are also important for the valuable agriculture, as our forefather have known for several thousand years ago.
The area also has a rich industrial history, with a close connection to geology, from Norway’s oldest iron mine to Larvikite quarrying.
The Global Geoparks Network is supported by UNESCO at the request of Member States