QINLING ZHONGNANSHAN GEOPARK (China)
The Qinling Zhongnanshan Geopark lies on the southern margin of Xi’an city, Shaanxi Province, China. The Qinling mountains, as part of a central mountain chain in China’s territory, forms a natural boundary dividing the territory north from south with different natural geographic factors in terms of geology, biology, water system, soil and climate.
Conservation, Education & Tourism
The geopark lies within the Qinling orogenic belt and is representative of the Central Orogenic Belt. It consists of five specific and mutually related parks with long history of geological evolution and complex tectonics displayed by integral outcrops of stratigraphy, various magmatic and metamorphic rocks, including abundant geological heritage sites and mineral resources. Mount Zhongnanshan is especially geologically famous, where it displays the grand tectonic fault of the Qinling orogenic belt as well as geological wonders such as large scale mountain slides and Quaternary glacier landscape. Such diverse geological wonders constitute a great encyclopedia of the history of nature.
Inspired by the unique and diverse geological structures in Qinling Zhongnanshan, many academic institutions have built pedagogical and scientific bases in the geopark, such as Beijing University, China University of Geosciences and Chinese Academy of Sciences. The Qinling Zhongnanshan Geopark also encompasses sites of early human civilization. The discovery of the loess section with fossils of “Lantian Pithecanthrope” and “Gongwangling fauna” has been a scientific treasure to study the origins of humans. Soon to be completed museum will allow visitors to learn the diverse aspects of the area ranging from geology, history and humanity.
Possessing unique geoheritage and cultural sites, rare biodiversity, and landscape resources, the Qinling Zhongnanshan Geopark has and will become a desirable destination for visitors in many years to come.
The Global Geoparks Network is supported by UNESCO at the request of Member States