SIERRA NORTE DE SEVILLA GEOPARK (Spain)
The “Sierra Norte of Seville” Natural Park, in the province of Seville was declared a Natural Park by the Parliament of Andalusia in 1989 and is situated in the central sector of “Sierra Morena” region of Spain. It is one of the largest natural parks in Andalusia, covering 1,775 square kilometers and includes, either totally or partially, ten municipalities that are home to more than 29,000 inhabitants.
Conservation, Education & Tourism
The Sierra Norte de Sevilla Natural Park is located in the mountain ranges of Sierra Morena, between the geological zones of Ossa-Morena and Sudportuguese (in the western area). The geology consists predominantly of rocks of Precambrian and Paleozoic, or Permian and Lower Triassic ages, with some Miocene sedimentary rocks in the south-eastern area of the Park. The Geopark’s rich geological, archaeological and mining history has resulted in the recognition of at least 32 sites of geological interest including:
- The karst and mine complex at El Cerro del Hierro Natural Monument: a spectacular paleokarst which originated from Middle-Upper Cambrian erosion of Lower Cambrian limestone.
- The Valley Syncline, with Ordovician to Devonian sedimentary rocks and an abundance of pelagic fossil species.
- A site containing the highest concentration of impressions of Lower Cambrian jellyfish recorded in the Iberian Peninsula.
- The crag-land landscapes in the geopark’s abundant igneous rock outcrops.
- The “Beja-Acebuches” amphibolites interpreted as the remains of an ancient ocean floor, and a suture between tectonic plates.
- Permian and the Triassic rocks which represent the filling of post-orogenic continental basins.
- The waterfalls and travertine deposits in the Hueznar River.
- Mines and quarries, with over 30 ancient and recent mines.
The geopark is also rich in archaeological sites: dolmens used as burial places, castles, buildings and churches, as well as numerous settlements and cemeteries from Roman times.
The Global Geoparks Network is supported by UNESCO at the request of Member States