SIERRAS SUBBETICAS GEOPARK (Spain)
The Sierras Subbéticas Geopark provides exceptional access to the geology of the heart of the Bética Mountain Ranges in southern Spain.
Conservation, Education & Tourism
The Araripe Geopark offers a region of invaluable scientific, environmental, historical and cultural importance, whose interpretation reveal the origin and evolution of life and Earth. These multiple resources also enable the promotion of a culturally and environmentally sustainable socioeconomic development of the territory.
The geological heritage of the Geopark is characterized by important geological records from the Lower Cretaceous period between 90 and 150 million years ago, especially in its paleontological content. The fossils are in an exceptional state of preservation, and paleobiology reveal great diversity, including silicified trunks, impressions of ferns, conifers and flowering plants, foraminifera, mollusks, arthropods (ostracódios, spiders, scorpions and insects), fish (sharks, rays, bony fishes and many celacantinos), amphibians and reptiles (turtles, lizards, crocodilians and pterosaurs).
This region also presents the greatest cultural diversity of Brazil. In the past, indigenous peoples settled in this region, followed by an extensive colonization and the appearance of the first villages and cities of the first Caririenses.
The miscegenation of various peoples (indigenous, European and African) and the relative isolation of Cariri in relation to major Brazilian cities, created a distinct cultural identity with particular folkloric dances, songs, religious and artistic expressions. Therefore, the Cariri became known as a "cultural melting pot" that keeps alive the traditions of their ancestors.
The Global Geoparks Network is supported by UNESCO at the request of Member States