FUNIUSHAN UNESCO GLOBAL GEOPARK (China)

“Thirteen different types of fossil dinosaur eggs have been discovered and are on display, including two very rare specimens”

©Funiushan UNESCO Global Geopark, China


Celebrating Earth Heritage

Funiushan UNESCO Global Geopark is located in Funiushan mountain area in Henan Province, China. The tectonic geology at Mount Funiushan reveals the Archean break-up and separation of the continental crust more than 2.5 billion years ago.

The geomorphic landscapes in the Funiushan UNESCO Global Geopark demonstrate tectonic movement – particularly a diversity of granitic geomorphic types in orogenic belts. Funiushan UNESCO Global Geopark is located in the east section of China Qinling Orogenic Belt, which was also the key part of the North China Plate carrying out underthrust, collision and convergence toward the Yangtze Plate in Paleozoic Era, and of continent-continent collision in Mesozoic Era. This diverse geomorphology includes the toothed granite mountain of the primary tectonic period, the laccolithic mountain of the extension period; the "Wuxingshan" landscapes of subduction granites; the unloading and break-up of the collisional granites; and the stone pillars and peak clusters of the crust-mantle mixed granites. The karst landscape formed on a base of carbonate tectonic rock with fracture belts of mylonitized marble.

As a typical representative of a continental orogenic belt, the well-preserved geological relics in the UNESCO Global Geopark gives a systematic focus on the Paleozoic Plate Structure, the trace of Mesozoic Continental Orogenic movement, Cretaceous Dinosaur-egg fossils groups, orogenic granite and karst landscape. The quantities and various types of rich dinosaur-egg fossil groups in the UNESCO Global Geopark are so unique that they rank in the top of the world.

Funiushan UNESCO Global Geopark features rich geological resources, exquisite and unique geomorphic landscapes, and colorful northern subtropical ecological landscapes.

©Funiushan UNESCO Global Geopark, China


Sustaining local Communities

Funiushan UNESCO Global Geopark is abundant in natural resources and human culture. The Nanzhao pithecanthropus multiplied and lived here 500,000 years ago and the jade culture of Dushan Moutain dates to 7,000 years ago. Also, 3,000 years ago, the construction of the Great Wall started here. There are many distinguished historical figures, including world-renowned scientists and doctors, politicians, philosophers and writers. They represent the pride of the nation and the brilliant Yellow River culture.

The Geopark’s long history shows nature’s charm and the harmony between human beings and nature. The Geopark is an important destination for geotourism in China and a good example of sustainable development in the region.

As one of the first batch of National Popular Science Bases for the Ministry of Land and Resources, the National Science and Technology Education Base, the UNESCO Global Geopark conducts regular annual activities of science popularization in the Funiushan Geological Museum and Xixia Dinasour-egg Fossils Museum. They have developed a tourist guide book, tourist map and some popular science readings such as Sketch of Funiushan Mountain. Funiushan actively participates in GGN activities to strengthen friendship and communication with six sister UNESCO Global Geoparks both at home and abroad. The UNESCO Global Geopark carries out geological publicity and education to drive sustainable development of local economy.



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