Biodiversity Science and Research for Management and Policy
UNESCO and its MAB Programme support biodiversity research through in situ and remote observations using space technologies for the monitoring of biosphere reserves. Integrated approaches to biodiversity monitoring are used; these consider not only ecological parameters, but also social, economic and cultural factors.
The main body of biodiversity research and monitoring is done by the MAB Ecosystem Networks.
Major international scientific programmes developed under the MAB Programme include GLOCHAMORE – Global Change in Mountain Regions and SUMAMAD – Sustainable Management of Marginal Drylands.
The World Network of Biosphere Reserves is used to develop and test innovative approaches to sustainable use and management of biodiversity. In particular, biosphere reserves are used as learning places where conservation of biodiversity is embedded in social and economic development.
The intersectoral approach of the MAB Programme also contributes to better understanding and strengthening of the vital linkages between biological and cultural diversity for sustainability and it also promotes better integration of scientific information into policy decisions.