Dimonika

Dimonika Biosphere Reserve is located in the central Mayombe Mountain chain about 50 km from the Atlantic Coast.

Declaration Date: 1988
Surface Area: 136,000
Administrative Division: Réserve de la biosphère de Dimonika

Ecological Characteristics

Dimonika Biosphere Reserve is located in the central Mayombe Mountain chain about 50 km from the Atlantic Coast.

The Mayombe has a hot, humid climate, combining tropical and oceanic traits.

A lowland guineo-congolese rainforest dominates the biosphere reserve together with savanna vegetation.

The area is in the transition zone between semi-deciduous and evergreen forest. Of special scientific interest are various types of forest communities recolonising old areas of forest exploitation.

The fauna within the biosphere reserve is divers and varied.

Human Activities

Compared to other rural areas of Congo, the Mayombe Mountains are densely populated.

Many migrants from neighbouring regions, Angola and the Democratic Republic of Congo have settled within the biosphere reserve(19,000 inhabitants in the Sous-prefécture de M’Vouti in1984).

Their main activities are subsistence agriculture, hunting, fishing and gold extraction.

The “Mayombe Project” aimed at improving the communication between local stakeholders, managers and scientists. In 1991, a survey was issued to determine perceptions and expectations of the biosphere reserve inhabitants.

Research has been carried out on the impact of gold extraction on the biosphere reserve.


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                                                                                            Last updated: August 2011

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