Odzala

The Odzala Biosphere Reserve comprises an undulating plateau with the Blue Water Lake Moba and many natural saltpans.

Declaration Date: 1977
Surface Area: 110,000
Administrative Division: Parc national d’Odzala

Ecological Characteristics

Located in the north-west of the Republic of Congo and about 30 km east of the Gabon border, the Odzala Biosphere Reserve comprises an undulating plateau with the Blue Water Lake Moba and many natural saltpans.

Odzalais characterized by a rich variety of habitats, including primary rain forest with a closed canopy (e.g. with Entandrophragma utile, E. candollei and E. cylindricum) and open understorey layer, forests dominated by dense formations of Marantaceae, forest clearings and savannas on the hilltops (e.g. with Hymenocardia acida, Annona arenaria or Hyparrhenia diplandra).

Typical forest fauna includes leopard (Panthera pardus) the lion (P. leo), the spottedhyena (Crocuta crocuta), elephant (Loxodonta africana), the dwarf buffalo (Syncerus caffer nanus) and the great forest hog (Hylochoerus meinertzhageni).

Human Activities

The biosphere reserve, which is also designated as national park, is not populated.

However, three different ethnic groups (Mboko, Bakota and Mongombo) live contiguous to the area.

Their main activities are traditional subsistence agriculture (manioc, corn), horticulture (bananas, sugar cane, etc.) and limited livestock raising.


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                                                                                            Last updated: August 2011

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