Lufira

The Lufira biosphere reserve is located in the south-east of the Democratic Republic of Congo.

Declaration Date: 1982
Surface Area: 14,700 ha
Administrative Division: Province du Katanga.

Ecological Characteristics

This biosphere reserve is located in the south-east of the Democratic Republic of Congo. It is the first miombo woodland to be designated as a biosphere reserve. Miombo woodland is the dominant vegetation type of the Central African plateau and comprises ecosystems in the seasonal tropics dominated for example by the tree genus Brachystegia laurentii.

The biosphere reserve also includes grasslands on the periodically flooded lowlands and steppe-like vegetation on the top of the plateau. There is a dense and mature river system, marshlands and papyrus beds. The species diversity is extraordinarily high.

  • Open « Niombo » forests, dominated by Brachystegis laurentii and Isoberlinia sp;
  • Periodically flooded plains;
  • Steppes.

Human Activities

  • Agriculture;
  • Hunting and fishing;
  • Charcoal;
  • Bee-keeping;
  • Subsistence activities : gathering.

About 14,700 people live within the biosphere reserve (1998).

The site is currently undergoing serious degradation due to timber exploitation, agricultural and fishing activities even in the core area.


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                                                                               Last updated : August 2011

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