Yayu

The Yayu Coffee Forest Biosphere Reserve is situated in Ilu Abba Bora Zone of the Oromia Regional State, southwestern Ethiopia.

It is the center of origin for the most popular coffee in the world, Coffea arabica.

Yayu is the largest and most important forest for the conservation of the wild populations in the World. The area plays a key role in the conservation of natural and cultural landscapes.

The biosphere reserve includes Eastern Afromontane Biodiversity Hotspot and Important Bird Areas of international significance. The area is also of cultural and historical significance since it possesses many archaeological sites, ritual sites, caves and waterfalls.

Declaration Date: 2010
Surface Area: 167,021 ha
Administrative Division: Oromiya National Regional State, Oromiya Forestry andWildlife Enterprise, Illubabor Branch, Illubabor ZoneLand and Environmental Protection, Six Districts Administration,Oromiya Bureau of Land and Environmental Protection,Oromiya Forestry and Wildlife Enterprise,Oromiya Bureau of Agriculture and Rural Developmentand Ministry of Science and Technology

Human Activities

The transition area is found adjacent to the buffer zone andit is composed of agricultural land, wetland, grassland,settlement area and fragments of forest land. All the managementunits (core, buffer, transition) in the proposedbiosphere reserve are contiguous; but there are five coreareas. About 154, 300 permanent residents live in the biospherereserve and mainly rely on agriculture.

The designationas a biosphere reserve is expected to enhance ecologicallysound and traditional agriculture, to foster ecotourismand to create new jobs in small businesses such as coffee,bee-keeping, spices and horticulture activities. Within thebiosphere reserve framework, local communities are familiarizedwith the wise use of natural resources and sustainabledevelopment techniques, and the implementation ofconservation projects.

Currently, two projects funded bythe German Federal Agency for Conservation and GermanFederal Ministry of Education and Research are beingimplemented in the proposed biosphere reserve: Conservationand use of the wild populations of Coffea arabica inthe montane rainforests of Ethiopia and Public awarenessand environmental education project.

Ecological Characteristics

© Detlef Overmann/CoFF
Montane rainforest -Yayu, Ethiopia

The Yayu Coffee Forest Biosphere Reserve is situated in southwestern Ethiopia. The area plays a key role in the conservation of natural and cultural landscapes. The biospherereserve includes Eastern Afromontane Biodiversity Hotspot and Important Bird Areas of international significance and one of the last remaining montane rainforestfragments with wild Coffea arabica populations in the world.

The area is also of cultural and historical significance since it possesses many archaeological sites, ritual sites, caves and waterfalls. The core areas and buffer zone are considered as one of the Regional Forest Priority Areas(or Forest Conservation Area) and Forest Coffee conservation Site.


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