The Bia National Park andBia Resource Reserve constitutethe twin conservationarea and represents the bestexample of transitionalzone between moistevergreenand moist semideciduousforest types.

Delaration Date: 1983
Surface Area: 7,700 ha
Administrative Division: Juaboso and Bia Districts in the Western Region in Ghana

Human Activities

  • Snail picking in the Park
  • Research activities
  • A number of walking trails and roads lead into the reserveson which tourist can appreciate the beauty of theforest, the birds, forest elephants and other wild animals
  • The site is surrounded by mixed farms, (cocoa, plantain,rearing of domestic animals)

Ecological Characteristics

© Comité Español del Programa MAB

© Daniel S. Amlalo/ Environmental Protection Agency
Vegetation in the Luhue creek (Songor) Ghana

Thearea is dominated by Celtis-Triplochiton associations,Teighemella heckelii and Entadrophragma angolense.

The National Park is almost avirgin forest with almost no human interference (apartfrom snail picking).

It is only pristine rainforest and thefinest example of its type remaining in Ghana today.

However, the Resource Reserve has been opened up due tothe past logging at the area and regeneration is taking place.

Annual average precipitation is in the range 1,500-1,700 mm. Sixty-one species of mammals have been recorded. These include 9 primates amongst which are theBlack and White Colobus, the Oilve Colobus monkeys and chimpanzees; the area is one of the few areas in the countryknown to support the chimpanzees.

The forest elephant and the highly threatened bongo are present. Over 200 species of birds have been recorded; they include the internationally endangered white-breasted guinea fowl. The forest is actually very rich with biodiversity.

Protection Classification

A National Park and A Resource Reserve forming a Conservation Area.

Green economy project

The project “Green Economy in Biosphere Reserves (GEBR): A means to biodiversity conservation, poverty reduction and sustainable development in sub-Saharan Africa was implemented in three Biosphere Reserves: Bia (Ghana), Omo (Nigeria) and East Usambara (Tanzania). The ultimate goal is to improve local communities’ socio-economic status while conserving biodiversity.

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                                                                                            Last updated: July 2011

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