Massif du Ziama

The Massif du Ziama Biosphere Reserve is located at the border to Liberia in the south-east of Guinea and about 100 km from the city N’Zérékoré.


Declaration Date: 1980
Surface Area: 119.019 ha
Administrative Division: Guinée Forestière in the South-east of the country, Gouvernorat de N’Zérékoré, Préfecturede Macenta

Ecological Characteristics

Plant ecology : the forest is dense, evergreen or semi evergreen. There are two vegetation layers: a bottom layer at altitudes of between 950 and 1,000 m. and a mountain layer over hanging the lower layer. This layer includes: umbrophilic, mesophilic, semi-xerophile swampy, riparian and gallery forests. They include important species suchas: Niangon, lovoa, entandrophragmas, Dabema, Khaya, liroko, makoré, mamea, Bako, Popo, etc.…

The reserve hosts 1306 species of plants, of which 654 are trees, bushes, lianas and 62 grasses (PGRR 1999).

Animal ecology: According to PROGESFOR (1991-1994) Ziama includes 124 species of mammals, among them: elephants, monkeys, buffalos, dwarf hippopotamus, chimpanzees, ungulates and carnivorous animals.

There are also 31 species of bats, 36 species of rodents, 286 species of birds out of the 347 species present in the Region, 54 species of reptiles (41 species of serpents, 10 lizards, 2 tortoises, 1 crocodile) and 30 species of batrachians.

Ziama forest is a refuge for several rare, vulnerable and threatened species. It is home to 22 species of mammals protected under CITES. In addition, the forest is one of the most important habitats for endemic species of the large upper Guinean forest block, between Sierra Leone, Liberia and Côte d’Ivoire.

Human Activities

Essentially agro-pastoral activities with substance crops(rice, manioc, corn, niébé,…) and export crops (coffee,cacao, cola,…), Sheep, poultry, pigs and cattle.

Also hunting and fishing.

Crafts are scantly developed.

Wood is exploited for building in the surrounding areas.

Protection Classification

Natural State Domain, Forestry Code (1989);

Art. 97; inalienable (Art. 101).

State Classified Forest Biosphere Reserve

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                                                                              Last updated : August 2011

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