The Mananara-Nord Biosphere Reserve is located on the north-east coast of the island and covers an area of 140,000 hectares.
Madagascar has an extremely rich biodiversity with more than 85 percent of its species being endemic.
Declaration Date : 1990
Surface Area : 140,000 ha
Administrative Division : District of Mananara; 7 communes involved: Antanambe, Imorona, Mananara, Antanananivo, Sandrakatsy, Ambatoharanana, Antanambaobe
- Marine meadows: 32 species of algae
- Reef: 132 species of corals, 64 species of shellfish, 16species of anthropoids, 34 species of Echinoderms, 179 species of fish, 2 species of turtles, 2 species of mammals
- Mangrove: 7 species of mangroves
- Forest isle: (riperian forest) 98 species of plants Terrestrial ecosystem
- Dense, low altitude humid forest: 3 endemic palm species Dypsis antanamensis, Dypsis ramentacea, Dypsis anovensis
- 12 species of lemurs
- 1200 species of plants
- Traditional fisheries (coral lagoons; destruction of coral by removal or trampling)
- Felling of mangroves
- Roving agriculture, slash and burn cultural practices: felling and burning of understory « tavy ».
National Terrestrial, Marine and Coastal Park.
Last updated : August 2011Back to top