© Wikimedia Commons/Ninara
Geno Biosphere Reserve

The Geno Biosphere Reserve is situated to the very south of the Zagros Mountains, close to the Persian Gulf and the Hara Biosphere Reserve. Mountain ranges reach 3,000 m above sea level and separate the warm and humid Persian Gulf from the arid deserts of central Iran. Vegetation and microclimatic conditions vary with elevation throughout the biosphere reserve, while the valleys are home to several hot springs.

Designation date: 1976
Administrative authorities: Head of Geno Biosphere Reserve
Surface area (terrestrial and marine): 81,582 ha
Core area(s): 22,078 ha
Buffer area(s): 19,211 ha
Transition area(s): 40,293 ha

Latitude: 27°29’28”N – 27°18’49”N
Longitude: 56°57’05”E – 56°18’18”E
Midpoint: 27°24’10”N – 56°37’41”E

Ecological Characteristics

© Wikimedia Commons/Noel Reynolds
Bearded vulture

The biosphere reserve is formed by the Geno Mountains, which rise above the Persian Gulf plains. Shallow slopes and plains surround the reserve to the south and east, while low hills are found in the north and west. The climate is arid, but becomes semi-arid and cold at elevations of 2,300 m above sea level.

There are several endemic plant species, including: Zhumeria majdae, Wendelboi petrocephalus and acacia tortortilis. A high diversity of bird species are found in the reserve, including the bearded vulture (gypaetus barbatus) and the see-see partridge (Ammoperdix griseogularis), as well as endangered mammals such as the leopard (Panthera pardus) and grey wolf (Canis lupus).


Socio-Economic Characteristics

©UNESCO/Geno Biosphere Reserve
Geno Biosphere Reserve

According to a 2006 census, there are eleven villages, 1,683 households and 7,581 people inside the reserve, comprising mainly indigenous communities of the Bandar Abbas tribe. The main activities of the villagers are farming, horticulture and animal husbandry.

There are eight religious shrines in the reserve. These sites are well respected and draw pilgrims from surrounding areas. The cultivation of fruit trees, such as apple, lemon, and palm, has created a pleasant environment, which attracts visitors for recreation.


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