Jeju Island

Jeju Island is situated in the southern part of the Korean Peninsula and covers a lava plateau with a shield volcano at an elevation of 1,950 meters above sea level.

The biosphere reserve is located at the center of the island, comprising in its core area Mt. Halla National Park, two stream corridors and three islets.

Declaration date: 2002
Surface area: 830.94 ha
Administrative Division: Jeju Special Self-Governing Province  

Human Activities

Core Areas: Sightseeing and hiking are the main recreational activities in Mt. Halla National Park. Also, monitoring and research are carried out, and cultivation of shitake mushrooms (Lentinus edodes) takes place in some areas.

In the marinecore area, three uninhabited islets are used for fishing sites,and two stream valleys are frequently used for picnickingin the summer.

Buffer zones: No special economic activities exist except for the cultivation of shitake mushrooms (Lentinus edodes). Other activities include limited forest monitoring and research, afforestation and forest conservation. Fishing, sightseeing, and submarine tours are the major activities inthe sea around the three islets, which was designated the City Marine Park.

Transition area: The main uses of types of land in the transition area are grassland, forest, and agricultural land, such as farms, orchards and greenhouses, tourism-related facilities such as golf courses and horseback riding courses, and some residential areas.

Ecological Characteristics

© UNESCO/Jessica Wakefield

Mt. Halla: The dominant treesover 1,400m are Abies koreana, Betula ermani var, saitoana, Taxus cuspidata, Rhododendren mucronulatum var. ciliatum, Salix blinii, and in the herbaceouslayer contains Sasa quelpartensis, Cacalia auriculata, Lycopodium chinense, Majanthemumbifolium, and Ligulariafischerii.

Islets vegetation (Warm temperate evergreen hardwood forest): All 251 species of vascular plants are found on the three islets off the southern coast of Seogwipo City Seopseom, Munseom and Beomseom and among them, 47 species are evergreen trees.

Temperate soft coral communities: The soft coral communities of mainly alcyonaceans and gorgonaceans are widely distributed on rocky bottoms especially near Munseom off the southern coast of Jeju Island.

Wetland vegetation – volcanic crater: The main species are Scirpus trinaulantus, Scirpus tabernaemontani, Isachneglobosa, Juncus effusus var. decipiens, and Trapa japonica.

Protection Classifications

National Park V (IUCN)
At the national level:
National Park & Seogwipo City Marine Park


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                                                                                   Last update: June 2014

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