Mount Sorak

©Yong Sang Jung
Mount Sorak Biosphere Reserve

Mount Sorak is situated on the east coast of the Korean Peninsula in the Taebaek Mountain range, which is composed of dissected granite and gneiss, with rocky hills and ridges. Mount Sorak is the third highest mountain in the country, with the main peak (Daechung) at 1,708 meters above sea level.

Designation date: 1982 (Extended in 2016)
Administrative authorities: Korea National Park Service, Sokcho-si, Inje-gun, Goseong-gun, Yangyang-gun
Surface area (terrestrial and marine): 76,749 ha
Core area(s): 14,992 ha
Buffer zone(s): 22,312 ha
Transition area(s): 39,445 ha

37°51'37"N - 38°17'37"N
Longitude: 128°12'46"E - 128°35'01"E
Midpoint: 38°4'57"N - 128°23'28"E

Ecological Characteristics

©Yong Sang Jung
Korean Goral

The park contains virgin forests of the middle temperate zone and 1,292 species of flora. In the alpine region (over 1300m), climatic factors such as wind, temperature, and humidity have produced, mixed forests of deciduous and evergreen needle-leaf trees.

However, pure forests are found in some parts of the park;  Some 44 mammal species including the Korean goral, musk deer, and otter, 109 bird species, 10 amphibians, 19 reptilians, 43 fishes, and 1,683 insects have been recorded;

The flagship species representing Seoraksan (Mt. Sorak) are the Korean goral and dwarf stone pine, which grows around Daecheongbong (Peak).

In particular, the habitat ofthe Dwarf stone pine is protected as a Strict Nature Reserve;

Seoraksan National Park has a very lively and colorful ecosystem. Some of the unique wildlife such as the muskdeer, Asiatic black bear, flying squirrel, and the pine tree in Seorakdong are protected as natural treasures as well.

Socio-Economic Characteristics

©Yong Sang Jung
Daecheongbong Peak

Approximately 13,000 inhabitants live in the biosphere reserve. Some of the local residents are engaged in agricultural activities in orchards, rice paddies and dry fields. However, the majority of residents are engaged in businesses such as accommodations, restaurants, resorts, and other facilities geared towards visitors and tourists in the Mount Sorak area.

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                                                                                      Last update: May 2015

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