Can Gio Mangrove

This biosphere reserve is located in the coastal district southeast of Ho Chi Minh City. One of the main advantages of Can Gio is that it provides the opportunity to work on environmental protection on a continuum of habitats, ranging from the sea to the boundary of Ho Chi Minh City, the biggest industrial city in Vietnam. The mangrove forest is regarded as the “green lungs” of the city.

Declaration Date: 2000
Surface Area: 71,370 ha
Administrative Division: Ho Chi Minh city  

Human Activities

  • Eco-tourism is one of the most successful in this biospherereserve.
  • The successful model of using households living insidethe mangrove forest to protect forest and use open-waterfor doing fishing and aquaculture in small ponds for livelihoods
  • The snail and shell fish culture are friendly using themangroves for local development.
  • Salt pan, eco-aquaculture and handicraft production andmarketing are good practices

Ecological Characteristics

Covering about 40 thousand hectares of planted and natural mangroves in destroyed areas during the war, this is a luxury mangrove in Vietnam.

There is diver habitats including mangroves, wetlands, salt mash, mud flat and sea grasses as a “green lung” of the industrial city, Ho Chi Minh City as they are daily absorb carbon dioxide and polluted agents.

There are 52 true and associate mangrove species, 200 animal species, hundred fish, crab, shrimp species and benthos. Over 40 bird species including shore birds and migratory species have been found in this biosphere reserve.

The mangrove forest gives a lot of ecological services including protecting the shore lines, extension of mud flats and as a “green wall’ to protect the city from storm surges, typhoons and sea level rise.

Protection Classifications

At the national level

Nature Reserve of Can Gio Mangroves, Ho Chi Minh City, one of the most important of wetland conservation site of the country


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