Western Nghe An

This biosphere reserve is located in the tropical and temperate zone. It is profoundly influenced by a North-East and South-West monsoon. Because topography of Annamite range influences circulation of atmosphere, there are big climatic differences in the area.


Declaration Date: 2009
Surface area: 1,303,285 ha
Administrative division: Nghe An Province

Human Activities

  • A decade of ethnic groups that their livelihoods depending on nature resourceswith a highest rate of poverty in the country
  • There are only 500 people of O Du ethnicgroup as remaining in endangered
  • Ecotourism and small farming systemsare encouraging to improve local incomes
  • Environmental education

Ecological Characteristics

© UNESCO/P. Chiang-Joo

The biosphere reserve has three core areas including one national park and two nature reserves, covering almost of types of tropical rain forest, various habitats including mountain, wetlands, rivers and others.

There is also a primitive forest remaining along with transborder with Lao country. There are 1,297 vegetation species recorded. Recently, around 2,500 species have been reported, there are around 2000 species (74%) that belong to Phanerophytes.

There are at present 130 species of large and small mammals; 295 bird species; 54 species of amphibians and reptiles; 84 species of fish, 39 species of bats, which are seen only in Viet Nam and North-East Thailand.

There are 14 species of tortoises, 305 species of butterflies and thousands of species of other insects. Among these species, there are 68 valuable and rare species recorded in Red Book of Viet Nam.

There are 295 species of birds including local and migratory birds, there are 22 species that are considered to be globally threatened and endangered. Two populations including Rheinardia ocellata and Buceros bicornis, Aceros nipalensis are of international significance, Ichthyophaga humilis is nationally significant.

Protection Classifications

At the national level

Pu Mat National Park, Pu Huong Nature Reserve nd Pu Hoat Nature Reserve

> Back to Biosphere Reserves in Vietnam

                                                                                             Last updated : July 2011

Back to top