Fundy

Located on the western side of the upper Bay of Fundy in New Brunswick, Canada, the area is renowned for its Acadian mixed wood forests, rugged coast line, extreme tidal ranges, salt marshes, tidal mudflats as well as for its terrestrial and marine biodiversity. The area also has a rich cultural heritage starting with the original Mi’kmaq aboriginal inhabitants. The first settlers from France and other European countries, during colonial times, had an influence in shaping of the landscape that is evident today. The southern half of the proposed area is one of the least developed areas on the east coast of North America where steep, forested river valleys are deeply incised into the landscape creating gorges with waterfalls, rapids and steep rock walls. Topographical elevations range from 30 m below sea level in the estuarine area to 400 m inland. At the head of the bay is a broad gently undulating landscape with wide ranging salt marshes in the coastal area.

 

Designation Date: 2007
Surface Area: 432,308
Administrative Division: At present, the FBR Interim Board of Directors. Upon designation by UNESCO MAB, an elected Board of Directors

Human Activities

Included in the proposed FBR area are the three urbanareas of Moncton, Dieppe and Riverview; referred to as theGreater Moncton area. This urban environment has a richbilingual culture and heritage that is indicative of the collaborationthat exists between the francophone and anglophonesocieties that co-exist in province. New Brunswickis the only legislated bilingual province in Canada whilethe City of Moncton is the first and only official bilingualcity in Canada. The diverse linguistic background of thearea attracts many investors, businesses and visitors to thearea.

The intent of the Fundy Biosphere Reserve is to provide aforum for dialogue and information sharing between communities,resource sectors, government agencies and researchers.This cooperative network of partners will assistcommunities in developing a more sustainable way of lifebased on a common understanding that healthy economycan only be supported by a healthy environment.  

Ecological Characteristics

Located on the western side of the upper Bay of Fundy in New Brunswick, Canada, the area is renowned for its Acadian mixed wood forests, rugged coast line, extreme tidal ranges, salt marshes, tidal mud flats as well as for its terrestrial and marine biodiversity. The area also has a rich cultural heritage starting with the original Mi’kmaq aboriginal inhabitants. The first settlers from France and other European countries, during colonial times, had an influence in shaping of the landscape that is evident today.

The southern half of the proposed area is one of the least developed areas on the east coast of North America where steep, forested river valleys are deeply incised into the landscape creating gorges with waterfalls, rapids and steeprock walls.

Topographical elevations range from 30 m below sea level in the estuarine area to 400 m inland. At the head of the bay is a broad gently undulating landscape withwide ranging salt marshes in the coastal area.

The land area is represented by the watersheds and coastal areas that extend from St. Martin Through to the Tantramermarch that drains into the upper Bay of Fundy.

The area is unique in its geological formations, terrestrial and marine ecosystems, cultural heritage, and its cross section of rural communities and urban areas. The area also has many protected, conservation and special management areas that facilitate the land and categorization into Core area, Buffer zones and Transitional area as required of aUNESCO Biosphere site.


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