Manicouagan Uapishka

The landscape of the Manicouagan - Uapishka territory is dominated by the St. Lawrence River in the South, and the Manicouagan reservoir in the North, a circular scar of the earth that can be cleary seen at all scales including from space. They are linked together by a web of rivers that have a strong hydropower potential and flow through vast woodlands.

Designation Date: 20 September 2007
Surface Area: 54 800 km2
Administrative Authorities: ONG: Réserve mondiale de la Biosphère Manicouagan - Uapishka (RMBMU)

Human Activities

  • Industrial forest management
  • Timber transformation (sawmills and pulp-mills)
  • Hydroelectric production
  • Aluminium production
  • Mining industry
  • Commercial fisheries
  • Merchant shipping

Ecological Characteristics

The RMBMU acts as a reference and a catalyst in the field for sustainable development in order to integrate it into all spheres of activity in the region. It generates knowledge, promotes pride and fosters international networking through the network of UNESCO and the local networking by boosting the collaboration among environmental, social and economic stakeholders of its territory.

For the RMBMU, established in 2007, this status is based on a voluntary cooperative approach integrating all sectors in the region. Manicouagan-Uapishka is certainly a special place because of some unique features but in the eyes of UNESCO, the interest to grant it with this designation was to encourage the local stakeholders, including industrials players, toprogress in a collaborative and promising way towards sustainable development. This is a community initiative which takes root in a constructive wish to diversify its options and to open itself to the world in order to create an integrative model of social, environmental and economic dimensions, a project where new solidarities emerge along with an accomplishment bringing pride and prosperity.

For the network, Manicouagan-Uapishka opens new horizons with its vision and it is invited to several international forums to share and make it grow.

Major habitats & land cover types

After a patient erosion of millions of years, combined with the collision of a huge meteorite, the crushing passage of glaciers and an ancient sea which have polished the land, our territory is the vestige of the most powerful phenomena Earth has ever known. They contributed to shape our land in a unique and very spectacular way.

The landscape of the Manicouagan - Uapishka territory is dominated by the St. Lawrence River in the South, and the Manicouagan reservoir in the North, a circular scar of the earth that can be cleary seen at all scales including from space. They are linked together by a web of rivers that have a strong hydropower potential and flow through vast woodlands.

The hinterland of the Manicouagan - Uapishka area consists of a vast dry plateau. Its surface is formed by hills (between 400 and 600 m) separated by rectilinear valleys and surrounded by the Groulx Mountains massif characterized by some thirty mountain tops exceeding 1000 m.


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