The Bílé Karpaty (or ‘White Carpathians’) Biosphere Reserve is an area of hills and uplands in the north-west of the Carpathian massif at the border to Slovakia. It was designated as biosphere reserve as it represents a cultural landscape with a rich biodiversity and traditional land use systems. Extensive species-rich orchid meadows (4,000 hectares), near-natural deciduous forests, old orchards and solitary fruit-trees form an integral part of the Bílé Karpaty landscape.
Declaration Date: 1996
Surface Area: 71,500 ha
Administrative Division: South-east Moravia
- Small industries
- Scientific research
- Recreation, tourism
- Collecting herbs and mushrooms
Biome: temperate broad-leaved forests
Elevation above sea level: 175–970 m
Climate: moderately warm and dry (SW) to moderately cool and wet (NE and higher elevations), annual temperature 6.8–8.9 °C, annual precipitation 553–901 mm
The Bílé Karpaty (White Carpathians) BR is a low-mountainous area stretching out along the border between the Czech Republic and Slovakia. The area is particularly valuable for its species-rich grasslands, which cover over 4000 ha.
They host many orchids and other rare plant species, and attract a large number of insects. Its high level of biodiversity is ascribed to its position, enabling a blending of Carpathian and Pannonian species, in combination with long-term sustainable grassland management by the local people. Meadow orchards are a significant part of the landscape and its biodiversity.
They host a wide range of different old and local fruit cultivars. Other important habitats are old-growth beech forests and oakhornbeam forests. The area is rich in traditions and living folklore.
- Protected Landscape Area (1980)
- European Diploma of Protected Areas (2000)
- Natura 2000 - 13 SCI (EU Habitat Directive)
- 52 nature reserves
Last updated: May 2012Back to top