Lower Morava

Situated in South Moravia, about 35 km south of Brno and next to the Austrian and Slovak borders. The Pavlov hills consisting of limestone cliffs and steep slopes, covered with steppes, forests and grasslands, are the dominant landscape features, however a considerable part has also been transformed into arable land and vineyards.

Declaration Date: 1986, extension 2003
Surface Area: 354 km2
Administrative Division: South Moravia Bohemia

Ecological Characteristics

© J. Slama/Lower Morava BR

The northeastern part of the biosphere reserve is situated in the flat alluvium of the Dyje River which is now mostly converted into agricultural land with some remnants of floodplain meadows and forests.

The southern and eastern parts are characterised by arable land. The largest mid-European area of hard-wood alluvial forests and continental flood-plain meadows (some 8000ha) is preserved in the triangle between the town of Bureclav, the village of Tynec and the confluence of the Morava and Dyje Rivers.

The central part of the Biosphere Reserve is made up of a depression occupied by fishponds (shallow, artificial lakes). The core area is identical with zone 1 of the "Protected Landscape Area Pálava" and smaller protected areas outside this. The buffer zone consists of zone 2 of the "Protected Landscape Area Pálava" and mainly forested areas outside. The transition area composes zones 3 and 4 of the Protected Landscape Area Pálava" and mainly agricultural land outside.


Socio-economic characteristics

© M. Polachova, RB Lower Morava

About 20,000 people live mostly in the transition area of the biosphere reserve (2003). They are mainly engaged in agriculture, wine production, fish-farming, forestry, and small-scale industry. Tourism and recreation has increasingly become an alternative source of income. The Lednice-Valtice Cultural Landscape World Heritage Site (1996) lies in the transition area. There are two Ramsar Sites in the Biosphere Reserve: Lednice fishponds (1990) and Flood Plain of the Lower Dyje River (1993).


Protection Classification:

Natura 2000 (3 Special Protection Areas for birds and 17 Special Areas of Conservation), Pálava Protected Landscape Area, 6 National Nature Reserves, 8 Nature Reserves, 3 National Nature Monuments, 7 Nature Monuments, 2 Nature Parks, 2 Ramsar sites, Lednice-Valtice Cultural Landscape World Heritage Site.

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