Camargue (delta du Rhône)

Wikicommons/Wolfgang Staudt
Camargue Biosphere Reserve, France

Situated in the delta of the Rhône River on the French Mediterranean coast, the Camargue Biosphere Reserve is made up of a mosaic of lagoons and represents one of the most important wetlands in Europe. Located between river and sea but also between Europe and Africa, the exceptional biological richness of the reserve is illustrated by the 272 species of birds found here.

The area is also designated as a wetland of international importance under the Ramsar Convention. Other habitats include freshwater and saline marshes, freshwater and saline ponds, halophilous steppes and grasslands with glasswort (Salicornia spp., locally called ‘sansouires’), beaches, dunes and woods.

Declaration date: 1977
Administrative authorities:
Parc naturel régional de Camargue
Administrative Division:
Parc naturel régional de Camargue et Syndicat mixte de la Camargue gardoise.
Surface area:
193 000 ha
Core area:
25 000 ha
Buffer zone:
106 000 ha
Transition area:
62 000 ha

Location
Central point:
44°33'"N-6°4'33"E

Ecological Characteristics

Wikicommons/Der Reisende
Flamingos in the Camargue biosphere reserve

Situated in the delta of the Rhône River on the French Mediterranean coast, the Camargue Biosphere Reserve is made up of a mosaic of lagoons and represents one of the most important wetlands in Europe.

Located between river and sea but also between Europe and Africa, the exceptional biological richness of the reserve is illustrated by the 272 species of birds found here. The area is also designated as a wetland of international importance under the Ramsar Convention.

Other habitats include freshwater and saline marshes, freshwater and saline ponds, halophilous steppes and grasslands with glasswort (Salicornia spp., locally called ‘sansouires’), beaches, dunes and woods. Wetlands; saline steppes; beaches; sand dune systems; humid depressions between sand dunes; lagoons; floating or submerged vegetation; Mediterranean xerophyllic grasslands; Mediterranean gallery forest with Salix alba and Populus alba; Carex communities; agroecosystems.

Socio-Economic Characteristics

Wikicommons/Véronique Pagnier
Salt and rice from Camargue.

About 110 000 people live permanently within the biosphere reserve. However, the number rises up to 220 000 in the summer (1997) making tourism one of the main management issues. People in the region are mainly engaged in the tourism industry and services, agriculture, salt extraction and fisheries.   


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                                                                                    Last updated: February 2015

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