Luberon-Lure

This biosphere reserve is situated contiguous to the Mont Ventoux Biosphere Reserve to the north. It consists of two mid-altitude mountain chains, the Luberon and the Vaucluse. The long history of human settlement has created a human-modified landscape and a mosaic of habitats and biotopes with a rich biodiversity. The cultural heritage dates from prehistoric times and is also very rich, with numerous classified monuments, ancient towns and ancient villages, houses, manors, fountains and chapels, all blended into the landscape.

Declaration Date: 1997 (extended in 2010)
Surface Area: 179,600 ha 
Administrative Division: Parc Naturel Régional de Luberon

Human Activities

About 150,000 people live in the biosphere reserve (1997). Much effort has been made to safeguard Luberon’s heritage and maintain agricultural activities. Tourism plays a major role in the local economy and efforts are made to promote ecotourism backed up by environmental education and public information. Research focuses on the fauna and flora, resulting in detailed inventories of genetic resources.  

Ecological Characteristics

This biosphere reserve is situated contiguous to the Mont Ventoux Biosphere Reserve to the north. It consists of two mid-altitude mountain chains, the Luberon and the Vaucluse. The long history of human settlement has created a human-modified landscape and a mosaic of habitats and biotopes with a rich biodiversity.

The cultural heritage dates from prehistoric times and is also very rich, with numerous classified monuments, ancient towns and ancient villages, houses, manors, fountains and chapels, all blended into the landscape. However, traditional methods of land use that created this landscape have essentially been abandoned, with profound effects on the fauna and flora.

‘Areas of major biological value’ have been identified and protected: these include holm oak forests (Quercus ilex), Montpellier pine oak forests (Pinus halepensis), beech groves, garrigues, dry grasslands and riverine woodlands.


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                                                                                    Last update: March 2013

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