Danube Delta

The Danube Delta Biosphere Reserve, shared with Romania and Ukraine, is a labyrinth of water and land, made up of countless lakes, channels, islands at the end of a 2,860 km long river.

The Danube Delta is the largest European wetland and reed bed, forming also Europe’s largest water purification system.

Nomination date: 1998
Surface area: 626,403 ha
Administrative division:
Romania: Danube Delta Biosphere Reserve Authority
Ukraine: Administration of the Danube Biosphere Reserve; The Ministry for Ecology and Nature Resources of Ukraine; National Academy of Science of Ukraine

Human Activities

  • Nature protected activities
  • Research activity (conservation of nature processes in the protected nature complexes, studying of nature processes with a purpose of preservation)
  • Environmental education
  • Different types of nature use (reed’s storage, fishery, hunting , recreation and ecological tourism, pasture, navigation, etc.)

Ecological Characteristics

The most important factor, which defines the natural value and the originality of the DBR territories, is the ceaseless here process of delta creation and the forming of new lands – the youngest territories in the whole Europe.

The main part of the reserve is occupied by reed-bed ecosystems that are mainly slightly mosaic with a weak water flow. Grassland ecosystems are located on the higher places of a riverine bars, and also on the edges of reed-beds, adjacent to the coastal bars.

Water ecosystems of the reserve are very diverse. They are fresh water ecosystems of the watercourses, limans and numerous lakes and bays, as well as brackish water ecosystems in the front delta of the Kiliya Arm. Contact zone between the Danube River and the Black Sea is a specific ecosystem of the seaside.

The ecosystems of Zhebriyanska Range are peculiar due to both natural reasons and anthropogenic influence (the main ecosystems here are planted forest on the sand together with remaining of sand steppe). The ecosystem of Zhebriyanska Spit could be characterised as sandy and littoral.

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                                                                                 Last updated: September 2012

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