Retezat

This biosphere reserve is situated in the southern Carpathian Mountains and has an altitude range from low mountain ranges to alpine landscape. Peak Peleaga with 2,509 meters above sea level is the highest elevation in the biosphere reserve.

Nomination date: 1979
Surface area: 38,047 ha
Administrative division: Administration of the Biosphere Reserve: Retezat National Park Administration (RNPA), under the Forest Directorate Hunedoara

Human Activities

The biosphere reserve is not inhabited, however rural communities outside the biosphere reserve depend on agriculture, livestock raising and forestry. Impacts on the environment come from overgrazing and recreation activities. In this region, people from different origins (Romania, Hungary, Germany and Serbia) are living together.

Ecological characteristics

This biosphere reserve is situated in the southern Carpathian Mountains and has an altitude range from low mountain ranges to alpine landscape. Peak Peleaga with 2,509 meters above sea level is the highest elevation in the biosphere reserve. The Retezat Massif is a well-defined upland block, separated on most sides from the rest of the range by deep valleys and to the north overlooking the Tertiary Hateg basin. The area was glaciated in the quaternary and has many landforms caused by glacial erosion. This biosphere reserve is significant for the conservation of European mountain forest diversity. The vegetation is very diverse due to the varied relief and the junction of three floristic regions in this area.


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                                                                                 Last updated: September 2012

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