The Volga-Akhtuba represents a mosaic structure of different landscapes, with high-yielding floodplain meadows, spawning grounds, oak groves and internationally important wetlands.
Declaration Date: 2011
Surface Area: 180479.43 ha
Core area(s): 41101.13 ha
Buffer zone(s): 67240.6 ha
Transition area(s): 72137.7 ha
Volga-Akhtuba Floodplain Biosphere Reserve includes the upstream part of the Volga-Akhtuba floodplain (north of the floodplain‘s Kammennoyarsk contraction) within the Volgograd Oblast and, partly, the first above-floodplain terrace of the Akhtuba river.
The south-eastern part of the area has lower absolute ground elevations compared with the north-western part, as a result of which it is more inundated than the latter.
The hydrographic network of the proposed Biosphere Reserve is an extremely complicated system whose character is largely determined by the area‘s geomorphological characteristics. It is represented by the following waterway types: rivers (the Volga and Akhtuba rivers); distributaries and channels of different orders (191 streams); lakes (2,753 lakes, the area of 10,220 ha at the normal water level); marshland (2 marshes of the total area of 206.8 ha).
There are 97 rural communities within the proposed Biosphere Reserve limits located mostly in the Sredneakhtubinski and Leninski Districts. Approximate number of people living within the proposed Biosphere Reserve permanently: 13 061 in Buffer zone and 29 374 in Transition Area, also seasonally - 1000 in Core Area, 33 000 in Buffer Zone, and 71 500 in Transition Area.
The area’s local population is multi-ethnic, with more than 20 different ethnic nationalities and groups. In the Leninski District area, in villages of Maliayevka and Bakhtiyarovka, a mighty Tatar diaspora exists. Since the old days in these villages the local population has practiced vegetable farming, mainly growing tomatoes.
The Core area are located within the Volga-Akhtuba Floodplain Nature Park area (covered by the regional protection regime), and include also the Ramsar wetland sites, as well as internationally important key ornithological areas.
Buffer zone includes the Volga-Akhtuba Floodplain Nature Park area and key internationally important ornithological areas.
The Transition area comprises mainly agroeconomic sites of the Volga-Akhtuba Floodplain Nature Park, includes territories of municipalities.
Last updated : July 2011Back to top