Kozjansko & Obsotelje

Kozjansko and Obsotelje Biosphere Reserve is marked by a closed chain of pre-Alpine hills, unconnected areas of tertiary lower hills and a chain of lowland fields.

Nomination date: 2010
Surface area: 94,814ha
Administrative division: The Public Institution of Kozjanski Park

Human Activities

Until the end of the 19th century, the area was characterized by traditional agriculture, craft and (river) transport routes. The construction of new mains of transport (coming of the railway) and industrialization gave rise to the area gradually lagging behind behind other parts of Slovenia economically.

There are 11 local communities in the area of the Biosphere Reserve. Number of inhabitants in Biosphere Reserve is 20,765. In 2007, the natural growth rate was negative in all municipalities which have the majority of the population in the proposed Biosphere Reserve (Kozje, Bistrica ob Sotli, Dobje), with the natural growth being below -7 % in all of them, and similar the municipalities of Podčetrtek and Radeče have a great deal more negative growth than the Slovene average.

Employment in primary activities (agriculture and forestry) only rarely predominates, generally in small settlements in hilly parts.

Prevailing employment in non-agricultural activities appears in settlements that are more distant from employment centres or have a significant number of jobs in these activities. Employment in the service sector predominance closer to major employment in service activities prevails for the most part in settlements in the hinterland of employment centres or high migration to more distant centres and also the share of self-employment is not negligible.

Ecological Characteristics

Kozjansko and Obsotelje Biosphere Reserve is marked by a closed chain of pre-Alpine hills, unconnected areas of tertiary lower hills and a chain of lowland fields. The special qualities of the areas are varied, but interconnected natural-geographical and culturally settled units.

The altitude belts within the biosphere reserve area are the following:

  • 0-200 m 21.03 km2
  • 200-300 m 65.83 km2
  • 300-400 m 110.95 km2
  • 400-600 m 232.06 km2
  • 600-800 m 59.69 km2
  • 800-1000 m 11.09 km2

Above 1000 m 0.04 km2, 54% of the land is covered with forests. Agricultural land represents 31.2% of the area.


> Back to Biosphere Reserves in Slovenia

                                                                               Last updated: September 2012

Back to top