Macizo de Anaga

©Sergio Socorro
Macizo de Anaga Biosphere Reserve

The Macizo de Anaga Biosphere Reserve is located in the northeast of the island of Tenerife in the Canary Islands. Macizo de Anaga hosts significant faunal diversity with reptiles, birds and fish, and in particular invertebrates present in large numbers, with 1,900 species recorded. The reserve consists of four protected natural areas – a Rural Park and three Integral Natural Reserves, as well as areas that form part of the Natura 2000 network, including a Special Bird Protection Area and Special Areas of Conservation.

Designation date: 2015
Administrative authorities:  Cabildo Insular de Tenerife
Surface area (terrestrial and marine):  48,727 ha
Core area(s):  1,973 ha (terrestrial: 1,402 ha; marine: 572 ha)
Buffer zone(s):  9,335 ha (terrestrial: 9,052 ha; marine: 283 ha)
Transition area(s):  37,418 ha (terrestrial: 5,038 ha; marine: 32,380 ha)

Location
Latitude:
28°28’22”N – 28°40’10”N
Longitude: 16°02’54”W – 16°21’40”W
Midpoint: 28°33’48”N – 16°12’04”E

Ecological Characteristics

©R. Herrera
Green sea turtle (Chelonia mydas)

From a geological point of view the massif is one of the oldest areas on the island with rocks dating back 7 million to 9 million years. Over this long period the area has experienced cycles of volcanic and erosive activity, the result of which is a rich geological and geomorphological mosaic.

 

Socio-Economic Characteristics

©Sergio Socorro
Agriculture in Macizo de Anaga Biosphere Reserve

In total, 22.249 people live permanently in the area of the reserve. All residents are concentrated in the transition area. Historically, agriculture, livestock farming (especially goat breeding), forestry and fishing have been the main economic activities, dating back to the first human settlements. The advent of tourism in the 1960s, better offers of revenue, and a reduction in the number of schools resulted in the migration of the population from rural areas to the closest urban areas (Santa Cruz, La Laguna). The reserve represents an opportunity to promote this culture heritage combined with the development of tourism in a sustainable manner.


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