The Montseny Biosphere Reserve and National Park is located between the Mediterranean and Eurosiberian-Pirenaic regions in the Mediterranean Sclerophyll Province. It is the highest part of the Catalan coastal range.

Declaration Date: 28 April 1978
Surface Area: 30,120 ha (core: 3 per cent; buffer: 55 per cent; transition: 42 per cent)
Administrative Division: 18 Municipalities have their territory in the Biosphere Reserve  

Human Activities

Livestock-raising and forest harvesting. Ecological research, agro-tourism and recreation based on its proximity to the metropolitan area of Barcelona.  

Ecological Characteristics

Montseny is a northern massif isolated from the Catalan pre-coastal cordillera. It includes an extraordinary diversity of flora and fauna as it is located in the transition zone between the Mediterranean and Atlantic regions, with very well conserved Cork Oak, Holm Oak, Beech, Chestnut, Pine and even Fir forests, giving way to vast grasslands in the highlands.

The numerous water courses are bordered by riparian forests of Aspen, Willow, Hazelnut and Ash trees. Among the fauna, together with other Mediterranean species, are species that are characteristic of Central- European ecosystems, such as the Edible Door-mouse, the European Green Lizard or the Aesculapian Snake, and high mountain species such as the Pyrenean Brook Salamander and the European Common Frog. The entomological fauna is also very varied with a rich diversity of butterfly species.

Protection Classifications

  • Natural park

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                                                                                                   Last update: April 2014

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