Camili

The Camili Biosphere Reserve is surrounded by mountains on three sides, and meets the Georgian border on the fourth side to the north. There are three main valleys with the Biosphere Reserve.

Declaration Date: 2005
Surface Area: 27,152 ha
Administrative Division: Core zones of Camili Biosphere Reserve are strictly protected area and managed by General Directorate of Nature Conservation and National Parks according to the law no: 2873.

Buffer and transition zonesof Camili Biosphere Reserves are managed by General Directorate of Forestry according to the law no. 6831.

Ecological Characteristics

The main ecosystem types in the Camili Biosphere Reserve are boreal coniferous forest and temperate deciduous forest including tree species such as black alder (Alns glutinosa), oriental spruce (Picea orientalis), Caucasus lime tree (Tilia rubra ssp. caucasicus), hazelnut (Corylus avellana) and Sessile oak (Quercus petraea).

The Camili basin is part of the Karçal Mountains Important Plant Area, which is one of the122 Important Plant Areas defined in Turkey.

The basin is the only area where the Caucasus bee race has remained without its purity being damaged. It is one of the three most important bee races in the world.

Camili Biosphere Reserve is on one of the most significant bird migration routes in Black Sea Basin. The area is also within the Eastern Black Sea Mountains Important Bird Area and Karçal Mountains Important Bird Area.

Human Activities

Camili Biosphere Reserve has very tradational rural lifestyle. Hazelnut farming, bee and honey production are main agricultural activities in the Biosphere Reserve. In the recent years ecotourism also is becoming one of main driver in the local economy.


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