Carpathian

Situated in the Eastern Carpathians, the Carpathian Biosphere Reserve comprises foothill oak-groves, mountain beech, mixed and spruce forests, pine-alder alpine elfin woodland, subalpine and alpine meadows, upland rocky-lichen landscapes. The largest massif of virgin beech forests in Europe (Uholsko-Shyrokoluzhanskyi massif) is protected in the biosphere reserve, as well as the Valley of Narcissi.

Declaration Date: 1992
Surface Area: 53,6306 ha
Administrative Division: Rakhiv, Tyachiv, Khust and Vynohradiv administrative districts of Transcarpathian region 

Human Activities

  • Protection of unique and typical natural complexes;
  • Biodiversity conservation;
  • Ecological monitoring and scientific research;
  • Conservation of natural and cultural components of the traditional culture;
  • Ecological tourism and regulated recreation;
  • Ecological education;
  • Promotion of regional sustainable development. 

Ecological characteristics

The biosphere reserve has a cluster structure and is composed of 8 separate massifs; It covers all the altitude belts characteristic for the southern maroslope of the Carpathians: foothill oak forests (180-450 m.a.s.l.), mountain beech and mixed forests (450-1000 m.a.s.l.), mountain spruce forests (1.000-1.450 m.a.s.l.), subalpine meadowsand crooked woodland (1.450-1.800 m.a.s.l.) and alpine meadows (1.800-2.061 m.a.s.l.); 44.100 ha, or over 82 %of the area is forested, and almost 21.000 ha out of it belong to primeval forests, which are now listed in the UNESCO World Natural Heritage List as components of the serial Ukrainian-Slovak transboundary property “Beech Primeval Forests of the Carpathians”; Vegetation of the reserve is represented by about 400 associations, 102 ofwhich are rare ones, listed in the Green Book of Ukraine; Flora of the reserve contains 3.019 species (1.349 highvascular plant species), 114 of which are rare ones, listed in the Red Book of Ukraine and international conservation lists; Fauna of the reserve contains 4.813 species (306 vertebrate species), 232 of which are rare ones, listed in the Red Book of Ukraine and international conservation lists. 3 species of troglobiont insects - Duvalius transcarpaticus (Carabidae, Coleoptera), Willemia virae та Aropalites carpaticus (Collembola) – are distributed exclusively within the karst caves of the reserve; 23 habitats found in the reserve are globally threatened.

Protection Classification

The Carpathian State Reserve was designated in 1968. Atthe national level it was declared as a biosphere reserve bythe Presidential Decree in 1993.

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                                                                                      Last updated : July 2011

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