Araucarias

has continental characteristics, with great temperature oscillations in the summer, accompanied by rainfall that varies between 2,000 and 3,000 mm a year and in the winter snowfall can reach up to 2 m in some areas.

Declaration Date: 1983
Surface Area: 93,833 ha
Administrative Division: Araucania Region, Provinces of Malleco and Cautín

Human Activities

Recreational activities such as excursions, angling, swimming, skiing and environmental education take place in the area where there are trails and Environmental Information Centres.

Ecological Characteristics

The prevailing climate in the Conguillio sector is warm, temperate with less than four dry months.

It has continental characteristics, with great temperature oscillations in the summer, accompanied by rainfall that varies between2,000 and 3,000 mm a year and in the winter snowfall canreach up to 2 m in some areas.

In the Alto Biobio sector anicy climate predominates because of the altitude, withmarked steppe characteristics. The following forest formationsare to be observed:

  •  Araucaria associated with steppe comprising chusquea spp. This habitat is exclusive to this region of the country, only to be found in the Alto Biobio sector. The fauna istypical of steppe environments.
  • Pure Araucaria forests and Araucaria associated with Lenga Beech (Nothofagus pumilio), N. dombeyi and theAntarctic Beech (N. Antártica), which host a rich amphibianfauna, reptiles, birds and mammals and various groupsof invertebrates.

The Araucaria is a very important ethno-botanical species as its territory coincides with the distribution of the Pehuenche people, who have historically used its seeds (piñón) as a seasonal source of food, and continue to do so today.

Protection Classification

  • Conguillio National Park

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