Cabo de Hornos

This Biosphere Reserve is part of the Magallanes Sub-Polar (or Sub-Antarctic) Evergreen Rainforest, with a mosaicof contrasting ecosystems and unique and singularcharacteristics on a world level.

Declaration Date: 2005
Surface Area: 4,884,273 ha
Administrative Division: Magallanes Region and ChileanAntarctic, Chilean Antarctic Province

Human Activities

Cattle raising (approximately 300 heads), artisanal fishing,a source of employment for the over 350 local fisher-folk,tourism (particularly navigation through the channels andaround Cape Horn). 

Ecological Characteristics

This Biosphere Reserve is part of the Magallanes Sub-Polar (or Sub-Antarctic) Evergreen Rainforest, with a mosaicof contrasting ecosystems and unique and singular characteristics on a world level.

The most representative type of ecosystems are: Magallanes sub-Polar Evergreen Rainforests, sub-Antarctic Antarctic Beech (Nothofagus Antarctica) forests, Deciduous Lenga Beech forests, MixedLenga Beech and Magallanes Nothofagus dombeyi forests.

High Andean habitats and Magallanes tundra complex. The marine ecosystems contain a mosaic of coastal and marine areas representative of the Sub-Antarctic region, favouring its biodiversity. The Sub-Antarctic eco-region includes a very great diversity of Chilean non-vascular flora and is a hotspot for bryophyte diversity on a world level, with over three hundred hepatic species and over 450species of moss. These 750 bryophyte species representover 5% of the bryophytes known all over the world. 

Protection Classification

  • Cape Horn National Park
  • Alberto de Agostini National Park

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