Fray Jorge

This Biosphere Reserve represents the dwarf coastal cloud shrubland habitat, harbouring succulents and thorny shrubs comprised in the arid and semi-arid Mediterranean typeplant formation of Mediterranean Chile.

Declaration Date: 1977 (Extension in 2012)
Surface Area: 134.311 ha
Core area(s): 9,959
Buffer zone(s): 25,682
Transition area(s): 98,670
Administrative Division: Coquimbo Region, Province of Limari

Human Activities

The main activity is tourism, with close on 15,000 visitorsper year. Research activities and environmental educationalso take place in the Biosphere Reserve.  

Ecological Characteristics

This Biosphere Reserve represents the dwarf coastal cloud shrubland habitat, harbouring succulents and thorny shrubs comprised in the arid and semi-arid Mediterranean type plant formation of Mediterranean Chile. Biomes such as river, estuary (the mouth of the Limari River), coastline,semi-arid sclerophyll shrubland and evergreen relict forestare represented in this BR.

The evergreen relict forest comprisesa hygrophyll forest with plant species characteristicof the south of Chile, over 1,000 km away, such as the Olivillo (Aextoxicon punctatum) and Winter’s bark or Canelo (Drimys winteri).

There are 440 species of native flora, of which 266 are endemic to Chile, 10 are listed as endangered and 84 as vulnerable species. 

Protection Classification

Fray Jorge National Park

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